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  • Frequently Asked Questions

    Drinking Water FAQs

    PFAS are a group of man-made chemicals—which include perfluorooctyl sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)— used to make stain-resistant, water-resistant, and non-stick products since the 1940s. Manufacturers widely used them in common consumer products as coatings, on food packaging, outdoor clothing, carpets, leather goods, ski and snowboard waxes, and more. The U.S. military, local fire departments, and airports use certain types of firefighting foam that also contain PFAS. These chemicals don’t break down easily in the environment. PFAS also builds up in the bodies of exposed people and animals.

    No. At your next scheduled medical visit, tell your healthcare provider.

    Talk to your healthcare provider. A blood test cannot diagnose or predict health effects from PFAS, which gives the test little medical value. Blood testing allows you to compare your serum levels with those in nationwide survey data or in other communities with contaminated water.

    Because so many consumer products contain PFAS, most people have had exposure to them. Studies about the health effects on people are inconclusive. Some, but not all, studies on long-term exposure show these chemicals may: Increase cholesterol levels.Increase uric acid level—a precursor for cardiovascular disease.Affect the fetus development and childhood learning and behavior.Increase some types of cancers: prostate, kidney, and testicular cancer.Decrease fertility and interfere with the body’s natural hormones.Affect the immune system—reduced immune responses to vaccines in children. Much of what we know about the health effects comes from a large study of more than 69,000 people exposed over several decades in Ohio and West Virginia.

    Over time, some PFAS released from manufacturing sites, landfills, firefighting foam, and other products seep into surface soils. From there, they can leach into groundwater and contaminate drinking water. PFAS are also in rivers, lakes, fish, and wildlife. Exposure can occur when someone uses certain products with PFAS or consumes contaminated food or water. When ingested, some of these chemicals can build up in the body and, over time, may increase to a level where health effects could occur.

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established a health advisory level for PFOS and PFOA in drinking water at 70 parts per trillion (70 ppt). The EPA based the advisory level on the best available studies about health effects. The advisory level offers people—including those in sensitive groups—with a margin of protection from a lifetime of exposure to the chemicals. The EPA’s health advisories are non-enforceable and non-regulatory and provide technical information to state agencies and other public health officials on health effects, analytical methodologies, and treatment technologies associated with drinking water contamination.

    Consumer products may be the source of PFAS exposures. They include: Some grease-resistant paper, fast food wrappers, microwave popcorn bags, pizza boxes, and candy wrappers.Nonstick cookware such as Teflon® coated pots and pans.Stain resistant coatings such as Scotchguard® used on carpets, upholstery, and other fabrics.Water resistant clothing such as Gore-Tex®.Cleaning products.Personal care products (shampoo, dental floss) and cosmetics (nail polish, eye makeup).Paints, varnishes, and sealants.

    Employment FAQs

    Contact the Office of Human Resources/Risk Management at hr@tpchd.org or (253) 798-6486.

    Log onto GovernmentJobs.com anytime to check status of your application.

    Contact GovernmentJobs.com at (855) 524-5627.

    If they are not able to assist you, please call us at (253) 798-6486 between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m.

    Contact the Office of Human Resources/Risk Management at hr@tpchd.org or (253) 798-6486.

    We list all current openings on the Employment Opportunities page.

    Fill out a job interest card for positions not currently open.

    You will receive an email when selected positions become available.

    A recruiter reviews applications and administers tests (if applicable). The hiring manager evaluates the most qualified applicants and schedules interviews. You will receive an email notifying you of your status.

    You will receive a contingent job offer based on completion of an acceptable background check, verification of immunizations, and I-9 E-Verify.

    Our volunteers help us fulfill our mission; to protect and improve the health of all people and places in Pierce County. We appreciate your desire to share your time and skills with us. If you decide that you are ready to make the commitment and have a desire to be part of our team, read about the process for applying on this page. Connect with your community when you serve as a volunteer! When you offer your skills and enthusiasm, you affect the lives of others, as well as your own. You can learn about diverse communities when you become a part of them.

    An internship provides a learning experience relevant to your academic field of study. Learn how to work in a team environment, interact with diverse groups of people and cultures. You will work with staff and the community while you gain experience in your academic field of study.

    Volunteers must be at least 16 years of age or older.

    You may choose an assignment in one of our four divisions:

    • Administrative Services.
    • Environmental Health.
    • Communicable Disease Control.
    • Strengthening Families.

    Food Safety FAQs

    No. We base a food safety rating on the last 4 routine inspections to show how it has done over time.

    Yes. We update the food safety rating sign after each routine inspection. The date on the sign is the date of the last routine inspection.

    We inspect food establishments 1 to 4 times a year. The amount depends on the complexity of their food preparation. We inspect most restaurants 3 times a year.

    Full inspection reports are available on our website.

    We base ratings on red critical violation points from the last 4 routine inspections. Red critical violations include improper handwashing and temperature control. They have a direct link to foodborne illness.

    • Great —135 or fewer red critical point.
    • Okay—136-299 red critical points.
    • Needs to Improve—300 or more red critical points.

    We designed signs to be easy to understand without reading. You can translate inspection results into a variety of languages on our website.

    We gathered input from the public, staff, our Food Advisory Board, and our Board of Health. We looked at different options like letter grades and emojis matching King County. We believe these food safety rating signs best match the diverse needs of Pierce County.

    No. Food establishments must post signs starting February 1, 2022.

    Food establishments will receive a warning if a sign is missing or obstructed. If a food safety rating sign is missing or obstructed more than once, a facility may have to pay a fine or close.

    Food establishments must post signs starting February 1, 2022.

    Food establishments must post signs at entrances and drive thru windows. Inspectors will help find another location to post if the entrance door doesn’t work.

    New food establishments will get a sign stating that they are new and have not received a food safety rating yet. They will get a food safety rating after their second routine inspection.

    Inspections

    No. We base a food safety rating on the last 4 routine inspections to show how it has done over time.

    Yes. We update the food safety rating sign after each routine inspection. The date on the sign is the date of the last routine inspection.

    We inspect food establishments 1 to 4 times a year. The amount depends on the complexity of their food preparation. We inspect most restaurants 3 times a year.

    Full inspection reports are available on our website.

    We base ratings on red critical violation points from the last 4 routine inspections. Red critical violations include improper handwashing and temperature control. They have a direct link to foodborne illness.

    • Great —135 or fewer red critical point.
    • Okay—136-299 red critical points.
    • Needs to Improve—300 or more red critical points.

    Signs

    We designed signs to be easy to understand without reading. You can translate inspection results into a variety of languages on our website.

    We gathered input from the public, staff, our Food Advisory Board, and our Board of Health. We looked at different options like letter grades and emojis matching King County. We believe these food safety rating signs best match the diverse needs of Pierce County.

    No. Food establishments must post signs starting February 1, 2022.

    Food establishments will receive a warning if a sign is missing or obstructed. If a food safety rating sign is missing or obstructed more than once, a facility may have to pay a fine or close.

    Food establishments must post signs starting February 1, 2022.

    Food establishments must post signs at entrances and drive thru windows. Inspectors will help find another location to post if the entrance door doesn’t work.

    New food establishments will get a sign stating that they are new and have not received a food safety rating yet. They will get a food safety rating after their second routine inspection.

    Pools and Spas FAQs

    A remodel is a change to a permitted water recreation facility. It includes changing a drain cover, replacing a pump or changing a filter. It is not a remodel if you replace equipment with the same make and model number.

    You need a resubmittal if you make a change to your project after receiving plan review approval. Even small changes may need a resubmittal. To avoid a delay in opening let us know right away if you need to make any changes to your approved plans.

    Yes. You need a plan review if:

    • You make a change to your system since the original approval–like a different pump.
    • You do not use the manufacturer’s suggested replacement. 

     You do not need a plan review if you:

    • Use the manufacturer’s suggested replacement.
    • Make no other changes to the system.

    Please be sure to provide us with the new drain cover information.

    Yes. You need remodel plan review unless the replacement pump is the exact same make and model number.

    You can check its status after we accept your application for review.

    • Go to eco.tpchd.org and click “Application Status” on the left of your screen.
    • Enter information for any of the fields and click “Search” to see your application status.

    To submit a response for more information, go to eco.tpchd.org and log in to your account.

    • Click “My Links” on the left of your screen.
    • Click “Applications Submitted.”
    • Click the facility you want to submit a response for and the application will open.
    • Click “Details.” Click “Submit Attachments.”
    • Choose the attachment type from the drop-down list.
    • Browse to your PDF file and click “Upload” to submit.

    No. Go to eco.tpchd.org and log in to your account.

    • Click “My Links” on the left of your screen.
    • Click “Applications Submitted.”
    • Click the drop-down arrow next to the application you want to copy.
    • Click “Clone.”

    A new application will open with the same information entered, except for attachments. You’ll need to attach all documents to this new application.

    You must rename the file. Open the document and “save as” with a different name–like “water bill” and “sewer bill.” Then you’ll be able to upload them.

    No. If different pools share water between them, it is 1 system. You only need 1 application and 1 review fee.

    Yes. You need a separate application and review fee for each water recirculation system. For a quick way to load your information onto applications see “I need to submit more than 1 application…”

    No. You only need 1 application for float tanks if they are identical in layout and design. You will receive a bill for 1 plan review application plus any extra time spent on the review.

    • New construction if you are a new or existing facilities and add a new pool, spa or spray park.
    • Remodel if you are an existing facility and:
      • Change a pump, filter, drain reconfiguration, or barrier modifications.
      • Install a drain cover with a different model number or made by a different manufacturer. Use this application if there is a recall on your drain covers. You do not need a review if you use the manufacturer’s suggested replacement and make no other changes.
    • Float tank if you are constructing sensory deprivation tanks.

    School Health and Safety FAQs

    We have more than 30 programs and services that benefit schools! Check out our School Services Directory. Looking for school health resources? Check out our school health page.

    Yes! We have free posters, stickers, coloring pages and more. Contact Michele Haymond at mhaymond@tpchd.org or (253) 468-6373.

    Sure! We can give you resources to display or hand out to attendees. We may even be able to host a Health Department table. Contact Michele Haymond at mhaymond@tpchd.org or (253) 468-6373.

    We have given presentations to students and school staff. We may be able to help. Contact Michele Haymond at mhaymond@tpchd.org or (253) 468-6373.

    We have offered grants and funding to schools. When we offer grants or funding, we notify schools, school districts and community organizations.

    We inspect school kitchens to make sure food is safe to eat. We inspect school facilities to make sure they’re safe for students and staff. For more information, check out our School Services Directory for who to contact.

    Our immunization information for schools page is full of information and resources. If you still have questions, check out our School Services Directory for who to contact.

    Our lice page has all of the information you need.

    Per WAC 246-366-060, schools are required to make sure bathrooms are adequate in number and accessible for use during school hours and scheduled events. Your local building department determines the number of fixtures, so be sure to check your local requirements. 

    Our School-based Oral Health Program offers preventive dental services for students. To find out more, check out our School Services Directory for who to contact.

    Washington law mandates testing to prevent and control communicable disease. We may ask a school nurse or administrator to arrange a private meeting with a student. We test and treat people 14 years and older. Minors may receive testing and treatment without parent or guardian consent. For more information, check out our School Services Directory for who to contact.

    Yes, we have many! Check out our tobacco and vaping are not safe for youth page. For even more resources, see our School Services Directory for who to contact.

    Yes, we have many! See our marijuana prevention page. For even more resources, see our School Services Directory for who to contact.

    Tacoma Smelter Plume Program FAQs

    For soil sampling and health questions contact us (253) 649-1853 or dirtalert@tpchd.org.

    For questions about soil replacement, sampling during development or child cares contact  Ecology at (360) 407-7688 and press 2.

    For questions about Pt. Ruston and the Commencement Bay, Nearshore/Tide flats EPA Superfund site, contact Kristine Koch at (206) 553-6705.

    First, check to see if the soil in the yard has already been tested for arsenic and lead. Enter your address into the address search in the Dirt Alert map.

    If there is no sampling information, you will need permission from the landlord so we can test the soil.  The landlord will need to sign an access agreement.  Once your landlord signs the form, call us at (253) 649-1853 to set up an appointment for soil sampling. If you can’t get permission for soil sampling, you can take Healthy actions to protect your family. Healthy actions are simple practices, like washing your hands, that help reduce exposure to contaminated soil. Healthy actions are for everyone inside the Tacoma Smelter Plume.

    You don’t need to test your yard more than once. The ASARCO Smelter was the source of the arsenic and lead contamination and it closed in 1986. There is no longer an active source of arsenic and lead.

    Under certain circumstances like the development of an empty lot, we will retest. If you have questions about your property, contact us at (253) 649-1853 or dirtalert@tpchd.org.

    The Seller’s Disclosure Statement (Form 17) outlines the details and history of a property. The seller completes the form and provides it to the buyer. Form 17 has a section which asks about known environmental conditions. It also asks about known soil contamination. The buyer is encouraged to research their property before purchase. View soil sampling maps at Dirt Alert map.

    Ecology contractors take the contaminated soil  removed from your yard to the LRI Landfill in Graham, WA. The soil is approved to use as a cap for the landfill.

    There are nearly 1,200 yards in the Ecology Yard Program service area that qualify for soil replacement.  Ecology works on 30-50 yards a year. To date Ecology removed and replaced soil in 333 residential yards. 

    The Ecology Yard Program soil replacement is a long-term project. The soil replacement sequence outlines how Ecology planned their work throughout the Yard Program Service Area. Ecology started with the yards with the highest average contaminant concentrations.

    Find your letter group by entering your address into our Dirt Alert map and downloading documents found under “Soil sampling map & paperwork.” For more information on the soil replacement sequence, visit Ecology’s webpage Soil replacement for residential yards.

    The action level is the concentration of arsenic or lead in soil at which Ecology will offer a property soil replacement. Ecology will remove soil with arsenic above 100 ppm or lead above 500 ppm (EPA cleaned up all the yards in the EPA Study Area with concentrations of lead above 500 ppm).­

    The Ecology action level of 100 ppm for arsenic uses less conservative cancer risk assumptions than EPA used in the study area while still protecting for non-cancer health effects.

    For more information see Ecology’s publication on state cleanup levels and action levels.

    Using the average concentrations of the soil sampling data allows Ecology to prioritize the Yard Program work. Properties with an average arsenic concentration over 100 ppm arsenic qualify. This allows Ecology to put resources in the areas with the highest contamination.

    Ecology and the EPA set different action levels for arsenic. Ecology’s action level is lower, which means more properties qualify for soil replacement, including some areas within the EPA study area where cleanup didn’t occur.

    While Ecology tries to remove as much contaminated soil as possible, not all contaminated soil can be removed. Soil that is in hard to reach places may remain. This includes areas along sidewalks, near building foundations, in heavily sloped areas and under decks. See Ecology’s Excluded Areas handout for more information.

    Healthy actions help reduce exposure to contaminated soil. Healthy actions are for everyone inside the Tacoma Smelter Plume.

    Not all parts of a property qualify for soil replacement. Yards qualify for soil replacement if they have an average over 100 ppm for arsenic or over 500 ppm lead. Soil sampling units must be over 100 ppm for arsenic or over 500 ppm for lead. This may mean some areas of the yard qualify, and some areas don’t.

    Contamination can vary by property. Factors that can affect soil concentrations depend on property location, wind direction, when it was built, when landscaping was installed, and vegetation like large trees. Soil that has not been disturbed usually has higher levels of contamination.

    Outdoor Air Quality FAQs

    When enough tiny particles—called fine particulate matter—are in the air, they can cause health problems. In the winter months, Pierce County can have unhealthy air quality because of wood-burning stoves. In the summer months, ozone and wildfire smoke pose problems.

    • Avoid physical exertion and stay indoors as much as possible.
    • Keep doors and windows closed when possible. Run an air conditioner—if you have one—and set it to re-circulate.
    • Shop for a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter if someone in your home has asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or a history of heart disease or stroke.
    • Make your own air filter with a box fan and about $25 in supplies if you can’t afford a HEPA filter.

    Washington Department of Health recommends schools and other organizations cancel all outdoor activities—youth sports camps, practices, games, etc.—during times of unhealthy, very unhealthy or hazardous air quality. See the state’s recommendations for school activities based on air quality.

    Just like you check the weather forecast, we encourage you to get in the habit of checking the air quality every day. You can: 

    Air quality can change quickly and vary across different parts of the county.If you smell smoke and the air looks smoky, use your best judgement. Stay indoors when possible and postpone outdoor activities.

    Be sure to ask your healthcare provider if a mask is right for you. To work, masks must fit correctly. Cloth face coverings don’t provide adequate protection from wildfire smoke. N95 face masks do.

    Septic System Inspections FAQs

    1. Hire a septic service company. Find a list of certified providers at tpchd.org/septicservicecompanies. We recommend you call at least 3 companies to compare prices.
    2. The septic service company inspects your septic system and pumps only if necessary and requested by you. They file their inspection report online at onlineRME.com. Look up your inspection report under “Report Search.”
    3. We update our records and send you another reminder when your next inspection is due.

    State and local law requires you to get your septic system inspected regularly. We are notifying you that your septic system needs to be inspected.

    State and local law require septic system owners to get their septic system regularly inspected, called routine inspections or operation and maintenance (O&M) inspections. (WAC 246-272A effective August 2010 and Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department Board of Health Resolution No. 2018-4560; Chapter 2 effective July 2018).

    • Every year if you have a complex system, like community, aerobic treatment or proprietary systems.
    • Every 3 years if you have a simple system, like gravity or pressure systems.
    • When you sell your house, no matter what type of system

    Financial resources are available. If you: 

    • Have money challenges. Email us at OMSeptic@tpchd.org to request a 1-year extension.
    • Need a loan for septic repairs and maintenance, see if you qualify for loan from Craft3: A nonprofit, non-bank community development financial institution.
    • Are a low-income homeowner in Pierce County. See if you qualify.

    Our financial assistance programs are only for routine inspections. You can’t use them for property sales. You may qualify for:

    • $125 off a routine inspection (required to receive other discounts below).
    • $125 of riser installation (inspection required first).
    • $200 off tank(s) pumping (inspection required first).
    • $500 off cost of minor repairs* (only available in certain areas).

    *Repairs are minor when they do not require an installation permit, like replacing a malfunctioning part or installing mechanical methods to reduce clogging the drainfield. 

    To apply, fill out the financial assistance form.

    Email your completed form to omfa@tpchd.org or call us at (253) 649-1421. We will verify your eligibility and email or mail the form back to you.  

    After you receive your returned form:

    1. Choose a certified septic system service provider from the list on your financial assistance form. We recommend you compare costs of several service companies and check online reviews.
    2. Schedule your service. Tell the service provider you are participating in the Financial Assistance Program.
    3. When the service provider arrives at your home, give them the returned form to receive your discount at time of service.

    The cheapest septic system you will ever own is the one you have now. Protect your investment. Regular inspections help find and correct problems before they become major. Save money and avoid costly repairs or system replacements.

    A septic system that needs repairs can impact water quality of streams, lakes, and Puget Sound. If your system has any of the issues below, contact your septic service provider to fix them immediately:

    • Surfacing sewage.
    • Broken or missing baffles.
    • Septic tank needs pumping.
    • Tank level too high.
    • Tank not watertight.
    • Pumps not working correctly.
    • Lids not secure.
    • Soil layers that have become impermeable.
    • A saturated drainfield.
    • Broken or disconnected pipes.

    An inspection is not the same as a pumping. Inspections include measuring water levels in the tanks, checking any pumps, and evaluating the drainfield.

    The Health Department’s Environmental Health Code, Chapter 2, Section 44, lists the parts of your system a certified septic professional inspects:

    • Septic tanks. Inspector checks:
      • Liquid level.
      • Amount of scum and sludge.
      • Whether the tank needs pumping.
      • The condition of the tank and its parts and structural integrity.
    • Pump tanks. Inspector checks:
      • Liquid level in the tank.
      • The amount of sludge.
      • The pump tanks structural integrity and condition.
      • All pump controls and electronics, note the drawdown, dosing, cycles and squirt test if possible.
    • The drain field area. Inspector:
      • Walks the drainfield area and looks for surfacing sewage and damage to the drainfield area.
      • Checks monitoring ports–if available–for ponded sewage.
    • Risers or access ports:
      • Inspector checks lids and caps to ensure they are secure and in good condition.
    • Sand filters:
      • Inspector checks if filter operates properly and is in sound condition.
    • Proprietary devices like pretreatment devices:
      • Inspector checks if device operates according to manufacturer’s specifications.

     The inspector files a report in the onlineRME database. We review reports and send you a letter if your system requires repairs. You can view inspection reports at onlineRME.com under “Report Search.”

    Yes. We notified different Lake Tapps neighborhoods in 2020 and 2021 and the Key Peninsula in 2021 and 2022.  In 2022, we notified neighborhoods in the watershed basins of North Fork of Clover Creek, Alderton Creek, Lynch Creek, Ohop Creek, Salmon Creek, Spiketon Ditch and Swan Creek. We will notify other neighborhoods in Pierce County based on environmental sensitivity and risk to human health. Eventually, we will notify all septic system owners in Pierce County.

    Visit tpchd.org/septicservicecompanies. We recommend you call at least 3 septic service companies to compare prices.

    Look up your septic system record drawing at edocs.tpchd.org. Type in your address or parcel number. Or contact our records request line at (253)649-1870.

    The timeline depends on the problem. If you take steps to resolve the problem and make progress, we will work with you. If you need more time, let us know.

    A typical routine inspection costs about $250-$350.

    It costs about $400-$500 to pump a typical septic tank. This is in addition to any inspection costs.

    Repairing or replacing a failing septic system can be expensive. That is why routine inspections are important. They can help detect problems early -with less expensive fixes- before problems become big.

    Costs can vary widely. They depend on:

    • The nature of the problem.
    • The property configuration.
    • Location and soils.

    The average cost for repairs is up to $1500, tank replacements can cost up to $5000, and system replacements around $20,000.

    Only a certified operation and maintenance (O&M) inspector should inspect your septic system. Find a list of certified companies at tpchd.org/septicservicecompanies.

    O&M inspectors need to receive education and pass an exam to get certified. They need to attend additional training each year to stay certified. The Washington On-site Sewage Association (wossa.org) certifies and trains O&M inspectors. We remove uncertified inspectors and companies from our list and follow-up on complaints about inspectors.

    Report any problems you have with a septic professional online at eco.tpchd.org/#/home. We will investigate and check up on any activities that seem unprofessional.

    • If you don’t get your septic system inspected, we will record a notice of non-compliance on your property title.
    • This recording can make it more difficult to sell, refinance, or develop your property in the future.
    • To remove the recording, you need to:
      • Get your septic system inspected by a certified inspector.
      • Pay the current rescission fee ($783 in 2022) to record a notice of compliance on your property title.

    Contaminated Property Cleanup FAQs

    Contaminated UST sites degrade the environment, pollute drinking water, expose communities to toxic chemicals and harm economic development, often in areas with the greatest health disparities

    We require owners of all current and historic UST sites to cleanup contamination and remove abandoned or leaking tanks. Our cleanup requirements are not voluntary. Our Local Health Code applies to all sites in Pierce County.

    Department of Ecology does not normally require cleanup at UST sites. Ecology and Pollution Liability Insurance Agency (PLIA) provide voluntary ways to resolve a site’s status with the State, but those account for a smaller portion of all contaminated sites. Health Department cleanup, permitting and reporting requirements apply to all sites. 

    UST removals require an annual Site Cleanup permit. Contaminated UST sites must maintain an annual Site Cleanup permit until the cleanup is complete.

    Complete an application and submit the annual permit fee. For those holding active permits, we will send a reminder letter when it’s time to renew.

     Permit fees cover:  

    • Cleanup enforcement.
    • Technical guidance to property owners.
    • Connect property owners with consulting and financial assistance.
    • Resource coordination with Ecology and PLIA.
    • Coordination with attorneys for insurance claims.
    • Investigation and response to environmental and public health emergencies.
    • Work plan reviews and cleanup reporting.
    • Administer Appeals and other due process.
    • Public record requests.

    We will work with owners to come into compliance with UST requirements. If an owner refuses to comply or misses permitting deadlines, we will record Notice of Non-Compliance against the property title, issue fines, Stop Work orders and impose other legal remedies. Anyone affected by a decision or action by the Health Department may Appeal within 15 calendar days.

    The property owner is responsible to meet  our cleanup and permit requirements. Service providers must ensure permit and notification status before conducting work. Any qualified person may conduct work or complete permitting on behalf of the property owner, but the owner remains responsible.

    Heating oil tanks under 1,100 gallons are exempt from our oversight. We don’t issue permits or keep records for small heating oil tanks. The jurisdictional Fire Marshall issues decommissioning permits and may have records on file. A lender may require proof of decommissioning during a home sale. Visit www.plia.wa.gov for further assistance with home heating oil tank removal or cleanup from leaks.

    Certified Food Protection Manager FAQs

    A Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) has taken an ANSI-accredited CFPM training and ensures establishments and food workers follow food safety practices.

    Most establishments need a CFPM. You may not need a CFPM if your establishment is lower risk. 

    You may be lower risk if you are a convenience store, movie theater, hot dog cart, coffee kiosk, cinnamon roll or pretzel stand, ice cream shop or temporary food booth.

    For example, if you only:

    • Serve or sell only prepackaged food.
      Includes cold holding Temperature Control for Safety (TCS) like gallons of milk.
    • Prepare only non-TCS food.
      Like cinnamon rolls, candy, doughnuts, pretzels or blended syrup drinks.
    • Heat only commercially processed, ready to eat food.
      Includes lattes and hot holding low risk TCS food like hot dogs.
    • Serve food temporarily at short-term events.
      Like fairs and festivals.

    Not sure if you need a CFPM? Contact us at food@tpchd.org or (253) 649-1417.

    Starting March 1, 2023, most food establishments will need at least 1 employee with a CFPM certificate.

    A CFPM may support more than 1 establishment. Like a restaurant or store with multiple locations.

    The CFPM does not always need to be on site. But, a copy of a valid certificate must be available during inspection.

    You have 60 days to hire a new CFPM or have a current employee take an ANSI-accredited CFPM training. We also offer in-person CFPM trainings.

    You must take ANSI-accredited training and pass a test to become a CFPM. We also offer in-person CFPM trainings.

    CFPM certificates are valid for 5 years before you need to renew.

    CFPM is an advanced food safety class. You learn more about:

    • Who is the Person in Charge (PIC)?
    • Demonstration of knowledge by the PIC.
    • Microbiology basics.
    • How to prevent foodborne illness.
    • Hygiene and sanitation.
    • Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP).
    • Time and temperature.
    • Benefits to food establishments.
    • Increase profits through better sanitation.
    • Know more about regulations.

    All food workers must have a Washington State Food Worker Card, but your establishment only needs 1 CFPM.

    You need a food worker card if you work with:

    • Unpackaged food.
    • Food equipment or utensils.
    • Any surface where people put unwrapped food.

    A CFPM also needs to know Washington food safety regulations. Most ANSI-accredited CFPM courses do not include regulations specific to Washington. We recommend they also get their food worker card.

    We offer in-person CFPM trainings. You’ll get a CFPM certificate, Washington State Food Worker Card and can reduce your permit fee by conducting self-inspections.

    The CFPM ensures:

    • Each Person In Charge is trained and can maintain Active Managerial Control.
    • Required procedures and plans are current and used.

    The CFPM does not always need to be on site. But, a copy of a valid certificate must be available during inspection.

    Washington state law requires most establishments to have at least 1 CFPM.

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    Gerente Certificado en Protección de Alimentos (CFPM, por sus siglas en inglés) Preguntas frecuentes

    ¿Qué es un Gerente certificado de protección de los alimentos (CFPM)?

    Un Gerente certificado en protección de alimentos (CFPM) tomó una capacitación en CFPM acreditada por ANSI y garantiza que los establecimientos y sus trabajadores sigan las prácticas de seguridad alimentaria.

    ¿Quién es un Gerente certificado de protección de los alimentos (CFPM)?

    La mayoría de los establecimientos necesitan un CFPM. Es posible que no necesite un CFPM si su establecimiento es de bajo riesgo.

    Es posible que su establecimiento sea de bajo riesgo si es una tienda de conveniencia, cine, carrito de perros calientes, quiosco de café, carrito de pretzels o rollos de canela, heladería, local temporal de venta de alimentos.

    Por ejemplo, si usted solo:

    • Sirve o vende alimentos preempacados.
      Incluye control de temperatura de seguridad (TCS, por sus siglas en inglés) para mantenimiento en frío de productos como como galones de leche.
    • Prepara alimentos que no necesiten TCS.
      Como rollos de canela, dulces, donas, pretzels o bebidas mezcladas con jarabes.
    • Calienta solamente alimentos listos para comer procesados comercialmente.
      Incluyendo lates y alimentos calientes de bajo riesgo con TCS como perros calientes.
    • Serve temporalmente alimentos en eventos cortos.
      Como ferias y festivales.

    ¿No está seguro de si necesita un CFPM? Comuníquese con nosotros escribiendo a food@tpchd.org o llamando al (253) 649-1417.

    ¿Necesito un Gerente certificado en protección de alimentos (CFPM) por horario o por establecimiento?

    A partir del 1 de marzo de 2023, la mayoría de los establecimientos de alimentos necesitarán por lo menos 1 empleado con certificado CFPM.

    Un CFPM puede apoyar en más de 1 establecimiento. Como un restaurante o tienda con varias sucursales.

    El CFPM no necesita estar siempre en el lugar. Sin embargo, una copia del certificado válido debe estar disponible durante la inspección.

    ¿Qué sucede si mi Gerente certificado en protección de alimentos (CFPM) deja el empleo?

    Tiene 60 días para contratar a un nuevo CFPM o haga que un empleado actual tome la capacitación para ser un CFPM acreditado por ANSI. Ofrecemos capacitaciones CFPM presenciales.

    ¿Cómo obtengo el Certificado en Gerencia en protección de alimentos (CFPM)?

    Debe tomar la capacitación acreditada por ANSI y pasar el examen para convertirse en un CFPM. Ofrecemos capacitaciones CFPM presenciales.

    ¿Por cuánto tiempo tiene validez el Certificado en Gerencia en protección de alimentos (CFPM)?

    Los certificados CFPM tienen validez de 5 años antes de que necesite renovarlo.

    ¿Cómo es un Certificado en Gerencia de protección de alimentos (CFPM) diferente de otra tarjeta de trabajo en alimentos?

    CFPM es una clase avanzada de seguridad alimentaria. Usted aprenderá más acerca de:

    • ¿Quién es la persona a cargo (PIC, por sus siglas en inglés)?
    • Demostración de conocimiento de la PIC
    • Información básica sobre microbiología.
    • Cómo evitar enfermedades transmitidas por los alimentos.
    • Higiene y desinfección.
    • Análisis de Peligros y Puntos Críticos de Control (HACCP).
    • Tiempo y temperatura.
    • Beneficios para los establecimientos de venta de alimentos.
    • Aumento en las ganancias a través de una mejor desinfección.
    • Conocer más acerca de las regulaciones.

    Todos los trabajadores de alimentos deben tener una Tarjeta de Trabajador de Alimentos del estado de Washington, pero su establecimiento solo necesita 1 CFPM.

    ¿Un Gerente certificado en protección de alimentos (CFPM) necesita una tarjeta de trabajador de alimentos?

    Usted necesita una tarjeta de trabajador de alimentos si trabaja con:

    • Alimentos sin empacar.
    • Equipo o utensilios para alimentos.
    • Superficies en las que las personas colocan alimentos sin empacar.

    Un CFPM también debe conocer las regulaciones de seguridad alimentaria de Washington. La mayoría de cursos de CFPM acreditados por ANSI no incluyen regulaciones específicas de Washington. Le recomendamos que también obtengan su tarjeta de trabajador de alimentos.

    Ofrecemos capacitaciones CFPM presenciales. Usted obtendrá un certificado CFPM, una Tarjeta de Trabajador de Alimentos del estado de Washington y puede reducir la tarifa de su permiso al realizar autoinspecciones.

    ¿Qué hace un Gerente certificado de protección de los alimentos (CFPM)?

    El CFPM se asegura de que:

    • Cada persona a cargo esté capacitada y pueda mantener Control gerencial activo.
    • Los procedimientos y planes requeridos están actualizados y en uso.

    ¿El Gerente certificado en protección de alimentos (CFPM) debe estar presente en su establecimiento?

    El CFPM no necesita estar siempre en el lugar. Sin embargo, una copia del certificado válido debe estar disponible durante la inspección.

    ¿Por qué necesito un Gerente certificado en protección de alimentos (CFPM)?

    La ley estatal de Washington requiere que la mayoría de los establecimientos tengan por lo menos 1 CFPM.


    ¿No está seguro de si necesita un CFPM? Comuníquese con nosotros escribiendo a food@tpchd.org o llamando al (253) 649-1417.

    Mga Madalas Itanong tungkol sa Sertipikadong Tagapamahala ng Pangangalaga sa Pagkain (Certified Food Protection Manager, CFPM)

    Ano ang Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM)?

    Ang isang Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) ay nakakuha ng pagsasanay sa CFPM na kinikilala ng ANSI at tinitiyak na ang mga establisyemento at mga manggagawa sa pagkain ay sumusunod sa mga kasanayan sa kaligtasan ng pagkain.

    Sino ang nangangailangan ng Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM)?

    Karamihan sa mga establisyemento ay nangangailangan ng CFPM. Maaaring hindi ninyo kailangan ng CFPM kung ang inyong establisyemento ay may mas mababang panganib.

    Maaaring mas mababa ang inyong panganib kung kayo ay isang convenience store, sinehan, hot dog cart, kiosk ng kape, cinnamon roll o pretzel stand, nagbebenta ng ice cream o pansamantalang booth ng pagkain.

    Halimbawa, kung kayo lang ay:

    • Nagsisilbi o nagbebenta lamang ng nakabalot (prepacked) na pagkain.
      May kasamang cold holding Temperature Control for Safety (TCS) tulad ng mga galon ng gatas.
    • Nagsisilbi lamang ng hindi TCS na pagkain.
      Tulad ng mga cinnamon roll, kendi, donut, pretzel o blended syrup na inumin.
    • Nag-iinit lamang ng naprosesong pangkomersyo, ready to eat na pagkain.
      Kasama ang mga latte at hot holding low risk na TCS na pagkain tulad ng mga hot dog.
    • Pansamantalang nagsisilbi ng pagkain sa mga panandaliang kaganapan.
      Tulad ng mga perya at pagdiriwang.

    Hindi sigurado kung kailangan ninyo ng CFPM? Kontakin kami sa food@tpchd.org o (253) 649-1417.

    Kailangan ko ba ng 1 Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) sa bawat shift o bawat establisyemento?

    Simula Marso 1, 2023, karamihan sa mga establisyemento ng pagkain ay mangangailangan ng hindi bababa sa 1 empleyado na may CFPM na sertipiko.

    Maaaring suportahan ng isang CFPM ang higit sa 1 establisyemento. Tulad ng isang restawran o tindahan na may maraming lokasyon.

    Ang CFPM ay hindi palaging kailangang nasa site. Ngunit, ang isang kopya ng isang balidong sertipiko ay dapat na nakahanda sa panahon ng inspeksyon.

    Ano ang mangyayari kung ang aming Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) ay umalis sa trabaho?

    Mayroon kang 60 araw para kumuha ng bagong CFPM o magpakuha sa isang kasalukuyang empleyado ng pagsasanay sa CFPM na kinikilala ng ANSI. Nag-aalok din kami ng mga pagsasanay sa CFPM sa personal.

    Paano ako makakakuha ng Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) na sertipiko?

    Dapat kang kumuha ng pagsasanay na kinikilala ng ANSI at pumasa sa pagsusulit upang maging isang CFPM. Nag-aalok din kami ng mga pagsasanay sa CFPM sa personal.

    Gaano katagal ang bisa ng pagsasanay para sa Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM)?

    Ang mga CFPM na sertipiko ay may bisa sa loob ng 5 taon bago mo kailangang mag-renew.

    Paano naiiba ang Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) na sertipiko sa isang food worker card?

    Ang CFPM ay isang advanced na klase sa kaligtasan ng pagkain. Matututo ka ng higit pa tungkol sa:

    • Sino ang Person in Charge (PIC)?
    • Pagpapakita ng kaalaman ng PIC.
    • Mga pangunahing kaalaman sa mikrobiyolohiya.
    • Paano maiiwasan ang sakit na dala ng pagkain.
    • Kalinisan at sanitasyon.
    • Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP).
    • Oras at temperatura.
    • Mga benepisyo sa mga estalisyementong nagsisilbi ng pagkain.
    • Palakihin ang kita sa pamamagitan ng mas mahusay na sanitasyon.
    • Alamin ang higit pa tungkol sa mga regulasyon.

    Ang lahat ng nagtatrabaho sa pagkain ay dapat mayroong Washington State Food Worker Card, ngunit ang inyong establisyemento ay nangangailangan lamang ng 1 CFPM.

    Kailangan ba ng isang Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) ng food worker card?

    Kailangan mo ng food worker card kung nagtatrabaho ka na may kontak sa:

    • Hindi nakabalot na pagkain.
    • Mga kagamitan o kubyertos sa pagkain.
    • Anumang ibabaw kung saan inilalagay ng mga tao ang hindi nakabalot na pagkain.

    Kailangan ding malaman ng isang CFPM ang mga regulasyon sa kaligtasan ng pagkain sa Washington. Karamihan sa mga kurso sa CFPM na kinikilala ng ANSI ay hindi kasama ang mga regulasyong partikular sa Washington. Inirerekomenda namin na kunin din nila ang kanilang food worker card.

    Nag-aalok kami ng mga pagsasanay sa CFPM sa personal. Makakakuha kayo ng CFPM na sertipiko, Washington State Food Worker Card at maaaring bawasan ang bayad sa inyong permit sa pamamagitan ng pagsasagawa ng mga sariling pag-iinspeksyon.

    Ano ang ginagawa ng isang Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM)?

    Tinitiyak ng CFPM na:

    • Ang bawat Person In Charge ay sinanay at maaaring mapanatili ang Active Managerial Control.                              
    • Ang mga kinakailangang pamamaraan at plano ay napapanahon at ginagamit.

    Kailangan bang naroroon ang isang Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM) sa inyong establisyimento?

    Ang CFPM ay hindi palaging kailangang nasa site. Ngunit, ang isang kopya ng isang balidong sertipiko ay dapat nakahanda sa oras ng inspeksyon.

    Bakit kailangan namin ng Certified Food Protection Manager (CFPM)?

    Ang batas sa estado ng Washington ay nag-aatas sa karamihan ng mga establisyemento na magkaroon ng hindi bababa sa 1 CFPM


    Hindi sigurado kung kailangan ninyo ng CFPM? Makipag-ugnayan sa amin sa food@tpchd.org o sa (253) 649-1417.

    សំណួរដែលបានសាកសួរជាញឹកញាប់អំពីអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM)

    តើអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) ជាអ្វី?

    អ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (Certified Food Protection Manager, CFPM) បានទទួលការបណ្តុះបណ្តាល CFPM ដែលទទួលស្គាល់ដោយ ANSI និងធានាបានថាគ្រឹះស្ថាន និងបុគ្គលិកផ្នែកចំណីអាហារអនុវត្តតាមការប្រតិបត្តិផ្នែកសុខភាពចំណីអាហារ។

    តើនរណាជាអ្នកត្រូវការអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM)?

    គ្រឹះស្ថានភាគច្រើនត្រូវការ CFPM មួយរូប។ អ្នកអាចនឹងមិនចាំបាច់មាន CFPM នោះទេ ប្រសិនបើគ្រឹះស្ថានរបស់អ្នកមានហានិភ័យទាប។ 

    អ្នកអាចនឹងមានហានិភ័យទាប ប្រសិនបើអ្នកជាហាងលក់ទំនិញ រោងភាពយន្ត រទេះលក់ហត់ដក បញ្ជរលក់កាហ្វេ ស្ដង់លក់នំផ្អែមស៊ីនណាម៉ុន ឬនំព្រឹតសែល ហាងលក់ការ៉េម ឬតូបលក់អាហារបណ្ដោះអាសន្ន។

    ឧទាហរណ៍ ប្រសិនបើអ្នកត្រឹមតែ៖

    • បម្រើជូន ឬលក់តែអាហារខ្ចប់។
      រួមមានការគ្រប់គ្រងសីតុណ្ហភាពដើម្បីសុវត្ថិភាព (TCS) ដែលត្រូវរក្សាភាពត្រជាក់ ដូចជាធុងទឹកដោះគោជាដើម។
    • រៀបចំតែអាហារដែលមិនត្រូវការ TCS។
      ដូចជានំផ្អែមស៊ីនណាម៉ុន ស្ករគ្រាប់ ដូណាត់ នំព្រីតសែល ឬភេសជ្ជៈលាយទឹកស៊ីរ៉ូ។
    • កម្ដៅតែអាហារដែលកែច្នៃបែបពាណិជ្ជកម្ម អាចបរិភោគបានភ្លាមៗ។
      រួមមានឡាតេ និងអាហារត្រូវការ TCS ដែលត្រូវរក្សាកម្ដៅដូចជាហត់ដកជាដើម។
    • បម្រើជូនម្ហូបអាហារបណ្ដោះអាសន្ននៅព្រឹត្តិការណ៍រយៈពេលខ្លី។
      ដូចជាការតាំងពិព័រណ៍ និងបុណ្យទាននានា។

    មិនច្បាស់ថាតើអ្នកត្រូវការ CFPM មែនទេ? សូមទាក់ទងមកកាន់យើងតាមរយៈ food@tpchd.org ឬ (253) 649-1417។

    តើខ្ញុំត្រូវការអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) 1 នាក់ក្នុងមួយវេន ឬក្នុងមួយគ្រឹះស្ថាន?

    ចាប់ពីថ្ងៃទី1 ខែមីនា ឆ្នាំ2023 គ្រឹះស្ថានចំណីអាហារភាគច្រើន នឹងចាំបាច់ត្រូវមានបុគ្គលិកម្នាក់ដែលមានវិញ្ញាបនបត្រអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM)។ 

    CFPM ម្នាក់អាចនឹងជួយគាំទ្រលើសពី 1 គ្រឹះស្ថាន។ ដូចជាភោជនីយដ្ឋាន ឬហាងដែលមានទីតាំងច្រើន។

    CFPM មិនចាំបាច់នៅទីតាំងជានិច្ចនោះទេ។ ប៉ុន្តែ សំណៅមួយច្បាប់នៃវិញ្ញាបនបត្រដែលមានសុពលភាព ត្រូវតែមានផ្តល់ជូនក្នុងអំឡុងពេលការត្រួតពិនិត្យ។ 

    តើមានអ្វីកើតឡើង ប្រសិនបើអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) របស់ខ្ញុំឈប់ពីការងារ?

    អ្នកមានរយៈពេល 60 ថ្ងៃដើម្បីជួល CFPM ថ្មីម្នាក់ ឬឱ្យបុគ្គលិកបច្ចុប្បន្នម្នាក់ទទួលការបណ្តុះបណ្តាល CFPM ដែលទទួលស្គាល់ដោយ ANSI។ យើងក៏ផ្តល់ជូនការបណ្តុះបណ្តាល CFPM ដោយផ្ទាល់ផងដែរ។

    តើខ្ញុំទទួលបានវិញ្ញាបនបត្រអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) បានដូចម្តេច?

    អ្នកត្រូវតែទទួលការបណ្តុះបណ្តាលដែលទទួលស្គាល់ដោយ ANSI និងជាប់ការធ្វើតេស្តដើម្បីក្លាយជា CFPM។ យើងក៏ផ្តល់ជូនការបណ្តុះបណ្តាល CFPM ដោយផ្ទាល់ផងដែរ។

    តើការបណ្តុះបណ្តាលអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) មានសុពលភាពក្នុងរយៈពេលប៉ុន្មាន?

    វិញ្ញាបនបត្រ CFPM មានសុពលភាពរយៈពេល 5 ឆ្នាំមុនពេលអ្នកចាំបាច់ត្រូវបន្តសុពលភាព។

    តើវិញ្ញាបនបត្រអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) ខុសគ្នាដូចម្តេចពីប័ណ្ណបុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហារ?

    CFPM គឺជាថ្នាក់កម្រិតខ្ពស់ផ្នែកសុវត្ថិភាពចំណីអាហារ។ អ្នកស្វែងយល់បន្ថែមអំពី៖

    • តើនរណាជាអ្នកទទួលខុសត្រូវ (Person in Charge, PIC)?
    • ការបង្ហាញចំណេះដឹងដោយ PIC។
    • មូលដ្ឋានមីក្រូជីវវិទ្យា។
    • របៀបបង្ការជំងឺដែលមាននៅក្នុងចំណីអាហារ។
    • ការសម្អាត និងអនាម័យ។
    • ប្រព័ន្ធគ្រប់គ្រងសុវត្ថិភាព និងវិភាគលើគ្រោះថ្នាក់នៃចំណីអាហារ (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point, HACCP)។
    • ពេលវេលា និងសីតុណ្ហភាព។
    • អត្ថប្រយោជន៍ចំពោះគ្រឹះស្ថានចំណីអាហារ។
    • បង្កើនប្រាក់ចំណេញតាមរយៈអនាម័យកាន់តែល្អប្រសើរ។
    • យល់ដឹងច្រើនបន្ថែមទៀតអំពីបទបញ្ញត្តិ។

    គ្រប់បុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហារទាំងអស់ ត្រូវតែមានប័ណ្ណបុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហាររបស់រដ្ឋវ៉ាស៊ីនតោន ប៉ុន្តែគ្រឹះស្ថានរបស់អ្នកត្រូវការតែ CFPM ម្នាក់ប៉ុណ្ណោះ។

    តើអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) ត្រូវការប័ណ្ណបុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហារដែរឬទេ?

    អ្នកត្រូវការប័ណ្ណបុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហារ ប្រសិនបើអ្នកធ្វើការជាមួយ៖

    • ចំណីអាហារដែលមិនមានការវេចខ្ចប់។
    • សម្ភារៈ ឬបរិក្ខារចំណីអាហារ។
    • ផ្ទៃទីកន្លែងណាមួយដែលមនុស្សដាក់ចំណីអាហារដែលមិនមានការវេចខ្ចប់។

    CFPM ក៏ត្រូវការដឹងអំពីបទបញ្ញត្តិសុវត្ថិភាពចំណីអាហាររដ្ឋវ៉ាស៊ីនតោនផងដែរ។ វគ្គសិក្សា CFPM ដែលទទួលស្គាល់ដោយ ANSI ភាគច្រើនមិនរួមបញ្ចូលបទបញ្ញត្តិជាក់លាក់សម្រាប់រដ្ឋវ៉ាស៊ីនតោននោះទេ។ យើងណែនាំឱ្យពួកគេទទួលបានប័ណ្ណបុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហាររបស់ពួកគេផងដែរ។

    យើងផ្តល់ជូនការបណ្តុះបណ្តាល CFPM ដោយផ្ទាល់ផងដែរ។ អ្នកនឹងទទួលបានវិញ្ញាបនបត្រ CFPM ប័ណ្ណបុគ្គលិកចំណីអាហាររដ្ឋវ៉ាស៊ីនតោន និងអាចកាត់បន្ថយថ្លៃលិខិតអនុញ្ញាតរបស់អ្នកដោយការចុះធ្វើការត្រួតពិនិត្យដោយខ្លួនឯង។

    តើអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលត្រូវបានបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) ធ្វើអ្វីខ្លះ?

    CFPM ធានាថា៖ 

    • បុគ្គលដែលទទួលខុសត្រូវម្នាក់ៗគឺទទួលបានការបណ្ដុះបណ្ដាល និងអាចរក្សាបាន ការតាមដានគ្រប់គ្រងយ៉ាងសកម្
    • នីតិវិធី និងផែនការដែលតម្រូវចាំបាច់ គឺមាននៅពេលបច្ចុប្បន្ននេះ និងត្រូវបានប្រើប្រាស់។

    តើអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM) ចាំបាច់ត្រូវមាននៅតាមគ្រឹះស្ថានរបស់អ្នកដែរឬទេ?

    CFPM មិនចាំបាច់នៅទីតាំងជានិច្ចនោះទេ។ ប៉ុន្តែ សំណៅមួយច្បាប់នៃវិញ្ញាបនបត្រដែលមានសុពលភាពត្រូវតែមានក្នុងអំឡុងពេលការត្រួតពិនិត្យ។ 

    ហេតុអ្វីបានជាខ្ញុំត្រូវមានអ្នកគ្រប់គ្រងផ្នែកការពារចំណីអាហារដែលមានការបញ្ជាក់ (CFPM)?

    ច្បាប់រដ្ឋវ៉ាស៊ីនតោន តម្រូវឲ្យគ្រឹះស្ថានភាគច្រើនមាន CFPM យ៉ាងតិច 1 នាក់។


    មិនច្បាស់ថាតើអ្នកត្រូវការ CFPM មែនទេ? សូមទាក់ទងមកកាន់យើងតាមរយៈ food@tpchd.org ឬ (253) 649-1417។  

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager) 자주 묻는 질문

    CFPM(Certified Food Protectino Manager)란 무엇인가요?

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager)는 ANSI 승인 CFPM 교육을 이수하고, 기관 및 요식업계 종사자가 식품 안전 관행을 따르도록 합니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protectino Manager)은 누구에게 필요한가요?

    대부분에 기관에 CFPM이 필요합니다. 해당 기관의 위험성이 낮을 때에는 CFPM이 필요하지 않을 수도 있습니다. 

    편의점, 영화관, 핫도그 카트, 커피 키오스크, 시나몬롤 또는 프레첼을 파는 가판대, 아이스크림 가게나 임시 식품 부스 같은 곳에서 일할 경우에는 위험성이 낮은 것으로 판단됩니다.

    예를 들어, 다음과 같은 작업만 할 경우가 이에 해당됩니다.

    • 사전에 포장된 제품만 서빙하거나 판매할 경우.
      우유처럼 안전성을 위한 온도 조절(TCS; Temperature Control for Safety)이 필요한 냉장 음식을 포함합니다.
    • TCS에 해당하지 않는 식품만 준비할 경우.
      시나몬롤, 캔디, 도넛, 프레첼, 블렌딩 시럽 드링크 등을 예로 들 수 있습니다.
    • 상업적으로 가공된 인스턴트 식품을 가열만 하는 경우.
      라떼 또는 핫도그와 같이 낮은 위험의 TCS가 필요한 따뜻한 식품을 포함합니다.
    • 단기 행사에서 임시로 식품을 제공할 경우.
      예) 축제 또는 전시회

    CFPM의 필요 여부를 잘 모르시겠나요? food@tpchd.org로 문의해 주시거나, (253) 649-1417번으로 전화해 주시기 바랍니다.

    CFPM은 시설마다 필요한가요, 아니면 교대근무 시마다 필요한가요?

    2023년 3월 1일부터 대부분의 식품 시설에서는 CFPM 인증을 받은 직원이 최소 1명은 필요합니다. 

    CFPM은 1개 이상의 시설을 지원할 수 있습니다. 여러 지역에 지점을 둔 레스토랑이나 가게를 예로 들 수 있습니다.

    CFPM이 항상 현장에 상주해야 하는 것은 아닙니다. 하지만 유효한 인증서 사본은 항상 점검 시 확인할 수 있어야 합니다. 

    제 CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager)가 직장을 그만두게 되면 무슨 상황이 발생하나요?

    60일 동안 새로운 CFPM을 고용하거나 현재 근무하고 있는 직원이 ANSI 승인 CFPM 교육을 받도록 할 수 있습니다. 또한 대면 CFPM 교육도 제공합니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager) 인증을 받기 위해서는 무엇이 필요한가요?

    ANSI 승인 교육을 이수하거나 CFPM 시험을 통과해야 합니다. 또한 대면 CFPM 교육도 제공됩니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager) 교육은 얼마나 유효한가요?

    CFPM 인증은 갱신 전 5년간 유효합니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager) 인증이 요식업계 종사자 카드(food worker card)와 다른 점은 무엇인가요?

    CFPM은 고급 식품 안전 분류입니다. 다음과 같은 사항에 대해 자세히 알아야 합니다.

    • PIC(책임자)는 누구인가요?
    • PIC(책임자)의 지식 시연.
    • 미생물학 기초.
    • 음식 감염 질병 예방 방법.
    • 위생학 및 위생법
    • HACCP(Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point).
    • 시간 및 온도.
    • 식품 시설이 받는 혜택.
    • 더 높은 위생을 통한 수익 증대.
    • 규제에 대한 이해.

    모든 요식업계 종사자는 워싱턴주 발급 요식업계 종사자 카드(Washington State Food Worker Card)를 보유해야 하지만, 시설에는 1명의 CFPM만 필요합니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager)도 요식업계 종사자 카드(food worker card)가 필요한가요?

    다음을 사용하여 작업할 때에는 요식업계 종사자 카드(food worker card)가 필요합니다.

    • 미포장 식품.
    • 식품 장비 및 조리 기구 사용.
    • 포장되지 않은 식품을 보관하는 모든 표면.

    CFPM은 또한 워싱턴주 식품 안전 규제를 이해해야 합니다. 대부분의 ANSI 승인 CFPM 코스는 워싱턴 주에 국한된 규제를 포함하지 않습니다. 따라서 CFPM 역시 요식업계 종사자 카드(Food worker card)를 보유하기를 권장합니다.

    대면 CFPM 교육을 제공하고 있습니다. CFPM 인증서, 워싱턴주 발급 요식업계 종사자 카드(Washington State Food Worker Card)를 보유하고 자가 검사를 실시해 허가료를 절감할 수 있습니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager)는 무슨 일을 하나요?

    CFPM은 다음을 보장하게 됩니다. 

    • 모든 책임자가 교육을 받았으며, 활성 경영 통제(Active Managerial Control)을 유지하도록 합니다.
    • 필수 절차 및 계획이 최신의 정보로 업데이트 되어 있으며 해당 사항들이 적용되도록 합니다.

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager)이 시설에 항상 있어야 하나요?

    CFPM은 항상 현장에 필요한 것은 아닙니다. 하지만 유효한 인증서 사본은 항상 점검 중 확인할 수 있어야 합니다. 

    CFPM(Certified Food Protection Manager)은 왜 필요한가요?

    워싱턴주 주법은 대부분의 시설에 최소 1명의 CFPM의 고용을 요구하고 있습니다.

    CFPM의 필요 여부에 대해 잘 모르시겠나요? food@tpchd.org로 문의해 주시거나 (253) 649-1417번으로 전화해 주시기 바랍니다.  

    Сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (Certified Food Protection Manager — CFPM) Часто задаваемые вопросы

    Кто такой сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM)?

    Сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM) — это лицо, которое прошло соответствующий курс обучения, аккредитованный ANSI (Американский институт государственных стандартов), и которое контролирует соблюдение правил пищевой безопасности предприятиями и работниками пищевой промышленности.

    Кому требуется сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM)?

    CFPM необходим большинству предприятий. Он не требуется в том случае, если ваше предприятие относится к группе низкого риска. 

    К группе низкого риска относятся такие предприятия, как минимаркеты, кинотеатры, сосисочные, кофейные киоски, прилавки для продажи булочек с корицей и крендельков, магазины мороженного или временные палатки для продажи продуктов питания.

    Примером такой деятельности может служить:

    • предоставление или продажа только предварительно упакованных продуктов питания.
      Это распространяется на продукты, для обеспечения безопасности которых требуется контроль температуры (TCS), такие как молоко.
    • Приготовление только тех продуктов питания, которые не требуют контроля температуры (TCS).
      К таким продуктам питания относятся булочки с корицей, конфеты, пончики, крендельки или напитке на основе купажа сиропа.
    • Готовые к употреблению продукты питания промышленного производства, требующие только подогрева.
      Они включают в себя латте и горячие продукты, требующие температурного контроля (TCS), которые относятся к группе низкого риска, например, хотдоги.
    • Временное предоставление продуктов питания в ходе проведения непродолжительных мероприятий.
      К таким мероприятиям относятся ярмарки и фестивали.

    Не уверены в том, требуется ли вам CFPM? Свяжитесь с нами по эл. почте food@tpchd.org или телефону (253) 649-1417.

    Мне нужен 1 сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM) на смену, или на все предприятие?

    Начиная с 1 марта 2023 г. большинству предприятий пищевой промышленности понадобится, как минимум, 1 сотрудник с сертификатом CFPM. 

    Один CFPM может обслуживать несколько предприятий. Примером таких предприятий может служить сеть ресторанов или магазинов.

    CFPM не обязан всегда находиться на соответствующем объекте. Однако, копия действительного сертификата должна оставаться доступной при проведении проверок. 

    Что происходит при увольнении моего сертифицированного менеджера по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM)?

    У вас есть 60 дней, чтобы нанять нового CFPM или обеспечить прохождение соответствующего курса обучения, аккредитованного ANSI, действующим сотрудником. Также мы предлагаем очные курсы обучения CFPM.

    Как я могу получить сертификат CFPM?

    Чтобы стать CFPM, вам необходимо пройти аккредитованный ANSI курс обучения и соответствующий тест. Также мы предлагаем очные курсы обучения CFPM.

    Как долго действует сертификат, полученный после прохождения курса обучения сертифицированного менеджера по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM)?

    Сертификат CFPM действителен в течение 5 лет, после чего его необходимо обновить.

    Чем сертификат CFPM отличается от карты работника пищевой промышленности?

    CFPM соответствует более высокому классу безопасности пищевой продукции. В рамках прохождения обучения вы больше узнаете о следующих аспектах.

    • Кто является ответственным лицом (PIC)?
    • Демонстрация ответственным лицом соответствующих знаний.
    • Основные сведения о микробиологии.
    • Способы предотвращения болезней пищевого происхождения.
    • Гигиена и дезинфекция.
    • Критическая точка анализа опасности (HACCP).
    • Время и температура.
    • Преимущества для предприятий пищевой промышленности.
    • Повышение доходности за счет улучшения санитарного контроля.
    • Дополнительные сведения о нормативно-правовом регулировании.

    Все сотрудники предприятий пищевой промышленности должны иметь карту работника пищевой промышленности штата Вашингтон, но вашему предприятию требуется только 1 CFPM.

    Требуется ли сертифицированному менеджеру по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM) карта работника пищевой промышленности?

    Карта работника пищевой промышленности необходима для работы со следующими категориями объектов.

    • Неупакованные продукты питания.
    • Пищевое оборудование или столовые приборы.
    • Любые поверхности, на которые люди кладут распакованные продукты питания.

    Также CFPM должен знать правила пищевой безопасности штата Вашингтон. Большая часть аккредитованных ANSI курсов CFPM не включает в себя информацию о нормативно-правовом регулировании штата Вашингтон. Мы рекомендуем CFPM получить карту работника пищевой промышленности.

    Мы предлагаем очные курсы обучения CFPM. Получив сертификат CFPM и карту работника пищевой промышленности штата Вашингтон, вы сможете уменьшить стоимость выдачи разрешения за счет проведения самостоятельных проверок.

    Чем занимается сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM)?

    CFPM следит за соблюдением следующих положений. 

    • Все ответственные лица проходят соответствующее обучение и могут осуществлять активное административное управление.
    • Требуемые процедуры и планы являются действительными и используются на практике.

    Должен ли сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM) присутствовать на предприятии?

    CFPM не обязан всегда находиться на соответствующем объекте. Однако, копия действительного сертификата должна оставаться доступной при проведении проверок. 

    Для чего мне сертифицированный менеджер по защите пищевых продуктов (CFPM)?

    Законодательство штата Вашингтон требует наличия 1 CFPM на большинстве предприятий.


    Не уверены в том, требуется ли вам CFPM? Свяжитесь с нами по эл. почте food@tpchd.org или телефону (253) 649-1417.  

    Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM) Fesili Masani

    O le a le Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM)?

    O se Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM) na faia sana ANSI-accredited CFPM training ma faamautinoa falea’iga ma tagata faigaluega ina ia usita’ia faiga saogalemu o meaai.

    O ai e mana’omiaina se Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM)?

    O le tele o fale’aiga e mana’omia se CFPM. E te le ono mana’omiaina se CFPM pe afai e maualalo lamatiaga o lou fale’aiga 

    Atonu e maualalo lamatiaga pe afai o oe o se faleoloa faifaatau faigofie, faletifaga, pusa faatau sosisi, fale kofe, fale faatau sinameni poo pretzel, fale aisikulimi poo faa faatau meaai le tumau.

    Mo se faataitaiga, pe afai na o:

    • Meaai afifi e te gasesea pe faatau.
      Aofia ai  le taofi malulu o le Pulega o le Vevela (TCS) e pei o kalone susu.
    • Sauni na’o meaai e le- TCS.
      E pei o sinameni, lole suamalie, kogaki, pretezels poo vaiinu malulu tuufaatasi.
    • Faavevela na’o meaai gaosi faapisinisi, ua sauni e taumafaina.
      Aofia ai late ma  meaai vevela TCS e maualalo lamatiaga e pei o sosisi vevela (hot dogs).
    • Gasese meaaii le tumau i potopotoga e pupuu-taimi.
      E pei o  faatasiga fiafia ma faafiafiaga.

    Le mautinoa pe e te moomia se CFPM? Faafesoota’i matou i le food@tpchd.org poo le(253) 649- 1417.

    Faamata ou te mana’omia se CFPM e 1 i le sifi poo se fale faatau e tasi?

    Amata ia Mat 1, 2023, o le tele o fale’aiga o le a mana’omia le le itiiti ifo ma le 1 tagata faigaluega e iai se tusipasi CFPM. 

    E ono lagolago e le CFPM se fale’aiga e sili atu ma le 1. E pei o falea’iga poo faleoloa e i nofoaga e tele.

    E tau le mana’omia fia ona iai le CFPM i le nofoaga. Ae, e tatau ona maua se kopi o se tusipasi faamaonia i taimi o asiasiga. 

    O le a le mea e tupu pe afai e tuua e le Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM) le galuega?

    E 60 aso e te faafaigaluega ai se CFPM fou pe iai se tagata faigaluega e fai sana  ANSI-accredited CFPM training. Matou te ofoina atu foi le in-person CFPM trainings.

    E faapefea ona maua so’u tusi pasi o le Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM)?

    E tatau ona fai sau ANSI-accredited training ma pasi se suega ina ia avea ai oe ma CFPM. Matou te ofoina atu foi le in-person CFPM trainings.

    O le a le umi e lelei ai a’oa’oga o le Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM)?

    E lelei tusipasi o le CFPM mo le 5 tausaga e le i mana’omia ona toe faafou.

    O le a le eseesega o le tusi pasi CFPM mai le pepa a le tagata faigaluega i mea taumafa?

    O le CFPM o se vasega maoa’e i le saogalemu o meaai. E te maua faamatalaga atili:

    • O ai le Tagata o loo Vaaia (PIC)?
    • Faaali le iloa e le PIC.
    • Faamatalaga amata o microbiology.
    • Faapefea ona puipuia mai faama’i maua mai i meaai.
    • Tumama ma Faamama.
    • Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP).
    • Taimi ma le faavevela
    • Penefiti i fale’ai faatau.
    • Faatele polofiti e ala i tumama lelei.
    • Iloa atili tulafono.

    O tagata faigaluega uma i mea taumafa e tatau ona iai se Pepa Faigaluega o Meaai i le Setete o Uosigitone, ae o lau fale faatau e mana’omia na’o le 1 le CFPM.

    E mana’omia e se CFPM se pepa faigaluega a le tagata faigaluega i mea taumafa?

    E te mana’omia se pepa faigaluega pe afai e te faigaluega ma:

    • Meaai le afifiina
    • Mea faigaluega fai ai meaai poo ipu faaaoga.
    • Soo se meafaitino e tuu ai e tagata meaai e le i afifiina.

    E mana’omia foi e le CFPM ona iloa tulafono o saogalemu o meaai a Uosigitone. O le tele o ANSI-accredited CFPM courses e le aofia ai tulafono patino ia Uosigitone. Matou te fautuaina ia fai foi o latou pepa faigaluega i mea taumafa.

    Matou te ofoina atu foi lein-person CFPM trainings. O le a maua sau tusipasi CFPM, Pepa Faigaluega o Mea Taumafa i le Setete o Uosigitone ma e mafai ona faalaiti lau pili pemita i le faatino ai o asiasiga o oe lava ia.

    O le a le mea e fai e le Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM)?

    E faamautinoa e le CFPM: 

    • O Tagata o loo Vaaia ta’itasi ua a’oa’oina ma mafai ona tausia Active Managerial Control.
    • O faagasologa mana’omia ma o fuafuaga o iai nei ma faaaoga.

    E mana’omia ona iai se CFPM i le mea o fai ai au meaai faatau?

    E tau le mana’omia fia ona iai le CFPM i le nofoaga. Ae, e tatau ona maua se kopi o se tusipasi faamaonia i taimi o asiasiga. 

    Aisea ou te mana’omia ai se Pule e Faamaonia le Puipuiga o Meaai (CFPM)?

    E mana’omia e le Washington state law le tele o fale’aiga faatau ia iai se CFPM e 1.


    Le mautinoa pe e te moomia se CFPM? Faafesoota’i matou i le food@tpchd.org poo le (253) 649-1417.  

    Сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM). Часті питання

    Хто такий сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    Сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM) пройшов навчання CFPM, акредитоване ANSI, та забезпечує дотримання підприємствами та працівниками харчової промисловості правил безпеки харчових продуктів.

    Кому потрібний сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    Більшість закладів потребує присутності CFPM. Вам може не знадобитися CFPM, якщо ваш заклад відноситься до нижчого ризику. 

    Ви можете наражатися на менший ризик, якщо ви працюєте в магазині крокової доступності, кінотеатрі, візку для хот-догів, кавовому кіоску, прилавку для реалізації булочок із корицею або кренделів, магазині морозива або тимчасовому кіоску з продажу їжі.

    Наприклад, якщо ви:

    • Подаєте або продаєте лише розфасовані продукти.
      Потрібен контроль температури зберігання в холоді для забезпечення безпеки (TCS), як-от для галонів молока.
    • Готуєте лише продукти, які не потребують TCS.
      Наприклад, булочки з корицею, цукерки, пончики, кренделі із сіллю або змішані сиропи.
    • Розігріваєте лише промислово оброблені, готові до вживання продукти.
      Тобто лате та гарячу їжу з низьким рівнем ризику TCS, таку як хот-доги.
    • Подаєте їжу тимчасово на короткострокові заходи.
      Як-от ярмарки та фестивалі.

    Не впевнені, чи потрібен вам CFPM? Зверніться до нас за адресою food@tpchd.org або за номером (253) 649-1417.

    1 сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM) потрібен мені на зміну чи на все підприємство?

    З 1 березня 2023 року більшості підприємств громадського харчування буде потрібен щонайменше 1 співробітник зі свідоцтвом CFPM. 

    CFPM може працювати в декількох закладах. Як-от ресторан чи магазин з кількома місцями.

    CFPM не завжди має бути на місці. Але копія дійсного свідоцтва має бути доступною під час перевірки. 

    Що станеться, якщо звільниться мій сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    У вас є 60 днів, щоб найняти нового CFPM або направити свого співробітника на навчання CFPM, акредитоване ANSI. Ми також пропонуємо індивідуальне навчання CFPM.

    Як отримати свідоцтво сертифікованого менеджера із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    Щоб стати CFPM, ви повинні пройти навчання, акредитоване ANSI, та скласти іспит. Ми також пропонуємо індивідуальне навчання CFPM.

    Як довго триває дія свідоцтва сертифікованого менеджера із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    Свідоцтва CFPM дійсні протягом 5 років, після чого їх потрібно поновлювати.

    Чим свідоцтво сертифікованого менеджера із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM) відрізняється від картки працівника харчової промисловості?

    CFPM – це вищий клас безпеки харчових продуктів. Ви дізнаєтеся більше про наступне:

    • Хто є відповідальною особою (PIC)?
    • Демонстрація знань PIC.
    • Основи мікробіології.
    • Як запобігти хворобам харчового походження.
    • Гігієна та санітарія.
    • Критична контрольна точка аналізу ризиків (HACCP).
    • Час і температура.
    • Переваги для підприємств громадського харчування.
    • Збільшення прибутку за допомогою поліпшення санітарії.
    • Дізнаєтеся більше про правила.

    Всі працівники харчової промисловості повинні мати карту працівника харчової промисловості штату Вашингтон, але ваше підприємство потребує лише 1 CFPM.

    Чи потрібна сертифікованому менеджеру із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM) картка працівника харчової промисловості?

    Вам потрібна карта працівника харчової промисловості, якщо ви працюєте з:

    • Незапакованою їжею.
    • Харчовим обладнанням чи посудом.
    • Будь-якою поверхнею, на яку люди кладуть незапаковані продукти.

    CFPM також має знати правила безпеки харчових продуктів штату Вашингтон. Більшість курсів CFPM, акредитованих ANSI, не підпорядковуються правилам, характерним для Вашингтона. Ми також рекомендуємо їм отримати свою картку працівника громадського харчування.

    Ми пропонуємо індивідуальне навчання CFPM. Ви отримаєте свідоцтво CFPM, картку працівника громадського харчування штату Вашингтон та зможете знизити плату за отримання дозволу шляхом проведення перевірок власноруч.

    Що робить сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    CFPM забезпечує, щоб: 

    Чи повинен сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM) бути присутнім на вашому підприємстві?

    CFPM не завжди має бути на місці. Але копія дійсного свідоцтва має бути доступною під час перевірки. 

    Навіщо мені потрібен сертифікований менеджер із захисту харчових продуктів (CFPM)?

    Закон штату Вашингтон вимагає, щоб більшість закладів мали щонайменше 1 CFPM.


    Не впевнені, чи потрібен вам CFPM? Зверніться до нас за адресою food@tpchd.org або за номером (253) 649-1417.  

    Các Câu Hỏi Thường Gặp Về Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM)

    Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận là gì (CFPM)?

    Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) là người đã học qua một khóa đào tạo ANSI được công nhận và đảm bảo các cơ sở và người xử lý thực phẩm tuân thủ theo các quy định về an toàn thực phẩm.

    Đối tượng nào cần có Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM)?

    Hầu hết các cơ sở đều cần một CFPM. Quý vị có thể không cần CFPM nếu cơ sở của quý vị có nguy cơ thấp.

    Cơ sở của quý vị được coi là có thể có nguy cơ thấp nếu đó là tiệm tạp hóa, rạp chiếu phim, quầy bán bánh mì kẹp, ki-ốt cà phê, bánh quế cuộn hoặc bánh quy xoắn, tiệm bán kem hoặc quầy bán thực phẩm tạm thời.

    Ví dụ, nếu quý vị chỉ:

    • Chỉ phục vụ hoặc bán thực phẩm đóng gói sẵn.
      Bao gồm cả giữ lạnh theo quy định Kiểm Soát Nhiệt Độ Để Đảm Bảo An Toàn (TCS) như gallon sữa.
    • Chỉ chuẩn bị thực phẩm loại không cần TCS.
      Chẳng hạn như bánh quế, kẹo, bánh rán, bánh quy xoắn hoặc đồ uống xi-rô trộn.
    • Thực phẩm đã chế biến thương mại, ăn liền chỉ qua hâm nóng.
      Bao gồm lattes và các thực phẩm giữ nóng có nguy cơ TCS thấp như xúc xích.
    • Phục vụ thức ăn tạm thời tại các sự kiện ngắn hạn.
      Như hội chợ và các lễ hội.

    Quý vị không biết mình có cần CFPM không? Hãy liên hệ với chúng tôi tại food@thcpd.org hoặc (253) 649-1417.

    Liệu tôi có cần 1 Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) cho từng ca làm việc hoặc từng cơ sở không?

    Kể từ ngày 1 tháng Ba, 2023, hầu hết các cơ sở thực phẩm sẽ cần ít nhất 1 nhân viên có chứng chỉ Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM).

    Một CFPM có thể hỗ trợ cho nhiều cơ sở. Như là một nhà hàng hoặc cửa hàng với nhiều chi nhánh.

    CPFM không cần phải luôn có mặt tại địa điểm. Nhưng, cần cung cấp một bản sao chứng chỉ còn hiệu lực trong khi kiểm tra.

    Điều gì sẽ xảy ra nếu Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) của tôi bỏ việc?

    Quý vị có 60 ngày để tuyển dụng một CFPM mới hoặc cho một nhân viên hiện tại của quý vị học một khóa đào tạo ANSI được công nhận. Chúng tôi cũng cung cấp các khóa đào tạo CFPM trực tiếp.

    Làm sao để tôi có thể nhận được chứng chỉ Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM)?

    Quý vị cần học một khóa đào tạo ANSI được công nhận và hoàn thành bài kiểm tra để trở thành một CFPM. Chúng tôi cũng cung cấp các khóa đào tạo CFPM trực tiếp.

    Chứng chỉ đào tạo Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) có hiệu lực trong bao lâu?

    Chứng chỉ CFPM có giá trị trong vòng 5 năm trước khi quý vị cần gia hạn chứng chỉ.

    Chứng chỉ Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) khác Chứng Chỉ An Toàn Lý Thực Phẩm như thế nào?

    CFPM là một loại chứng chỉ an toàn thực phẩm cao cấp. Quý vị sẽ được học về:

    • Ai là Người Phụ Trách (PIC)?
    • Chứng minh kiến thức bởi PIC.
    • Vi sinh học đại cương.
    • Làm thế nào để tránh các bệnh lây qua đường thực phẩm.
    • Giữ vệ sinh thực phẩm.
    • Phân Tích Mối Nguy Và Kiểm Soát Điểm Tới Hạn (HACCP).
    • Thời gian và nhiệt độ.
    • Các lợi ích dành cho các cơ sở sản xuất thực phẩm.
    • Gia tăng lợi nhuận nhờ thực hành vệ sinh thực phẩm tốt hơn
    • Hiểu biết hơn về các quy định.

    Tất cả các người xử lý thực phẩm cần có Chứng Chỉ An Toàn Thực Phẩm của Tiểu Bang Washington, nhưng cơ sở sản xuất thực phẩm của quý vị chỉ cần 1 CFPM.

    Liệu một Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận có cần Chứng Chỉ An Toàn Thực Phẩm không?

    Quý vị cần một chứng chỉ An Toàn Thực Phẩm nếu quý vị làm việc với:

    • Thực phẩm chưa đóng gói.
    • Thiết bị nhà bếp hoặc dụng cụ nhà bếp.
    • Bất kỳ bề mặt nào để thực phẩm chưa đóng gói.

    Một CFPM cũng cần có hiểu biết về các quy định về an toàn thực phẩm của bang Washington. Hầu hết các khóa học ANSI được công nhận không bao gồm các quy định cụ thể của bang Washington. Chúng tôi khuyến nghị rằng họ cũng nên có chứng chỉ An Toàn Thực Phẩm cho chính họ.

    Chúng tôi cung cấp các khóa đào tạo CFPM trực tiếp. Quý vị sẽ nhận được chứng chỉ CFPM, chứng chỉ An Toàn Thực Phẩm Tiểu Bang Washington và có thể giảm lệ phí cấp chứng nhận bằng cách thực hiện việc tự kiểm tra.

    Một Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) làm gì?

    CFPM đảm bảo:

    • Mỗi Người Phụ Trách đều phải được đào tạo và có thể duy trì Kiểm Soát Quản Lý Công Hiệu.
    • Hiện đã có và áp dụng các quy trình và kế hoạch bắt buộc.

    Liệu Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM) có cần luôn có mặt tại cơ sở của tôi không?

    CPFM không cần phải luôn có mặt tại địa điểm. Nhưng, cần cung cấp một bản sao chứng chỉ còn hiệu lực trong khi kiểm tra.

    Tại sao tôi cần một Người Quản Lý Bảo Quản Thực Phẩm Có Chứng Nhận (CFPM)?

    Luật pháp bang Washington yêu cầu hầu hết các cơ sở sản xuất thực phẩm có ít nhất một CFPM.


    Quý vị không biếtmình có cần CFPM không? Hãy liên hệ với chúng tôi tại food@tpchd.org hoặc (253) 649-1417.  

    Mold FAQs

    Molds are a type of fungus. Other types of fungus include mildews and mushrooms. Molds occur widely in nature and outdoors. There is no practical way to get rid of all mold spores indoors.

    Molds grow in our homes because of too much water. Leaky plumbing or a hole in the roof can let water into your home to help mold grow. Humid air from cooking, breathing or showering can also lead to mold growth unless you let the damp air out and fresh air into your home. Common materials we have in our homes like paper, drywall, leather, and carpeting provide food for mold growth if they get wet. Controlling moisture is the most important thing to remember when dealing with mold.

    You might find mold in water damaged areas, on the inside of cold exterior walls, behind dressers, headboards and in closets where things are stored against a cold outer wall. Other areas where mold often grows are kitchens, bathrooms, laundry or utility rooms, and basements. Carpets and other water-damaged materials will easily support mold growth. Mold may also grow undetected inside wall spaces, under carpet, and inside heating ducts.

    If you see or smell mold, or a musty odor, you have a mold problem. You should clean up the mold as soon as possible. Testing for molds is not usually needed unless you need documentation for medical or legal reasons. Even dry or dead mold spores may cause health problems.

    Stop all water leaks first. Repair leaky roofs and plumbing right away. Move water away from basement walls and concrete slabs.

    Increase air movement within your home. If needed, use ceiling or standing fans to circulate air throughout your home. Pay special attention to outside walls.

    Provide warm air to all rooms of your home. Leave closet doors slightly open. Move furniture and large objects away from outside walls. Leave a few inches for air to move between the wall and belongings. ‘Flush’ the air in your home at least once or twice a day. Do this by opening all windows and turning on all exhaust fans for five minutes. Close windows and reheat home to 70 degrees.

    Make sure you have working exhaust fans in bathrooms, kitchens and laundry rooms. Run fans while bathing, cooking or doing laundry and for at least 30 minutes afterwards.

    If your living area is constantly humid even with proper ventilation and temperature control, you may want to consider the use of a dehumidifier. Dehumidifiers can be helpful to control moisture in basements or daylight basements.

    Ventilate and insulate attic and crawl spaces. Cover dirt in the crawl space with heavy plastic.

    Clean and dry water damaged carpets, clothing, bedding and fabric furniture within 24 to 48 hours. Otherwise consider throwing it away and replacing with new. Vacuum (with a HEPA vacuum if possible) and clean your home regularly.

    If you see or smell mold, it’s time to clean up.

    Try to determine how much of an area has a mold problem. For a larger area (greater than 10 feet square) you need to pay attention to personal protection. Use goggles, gloves and breathing protection, such as an N95 dust mask.

    Isolate the work area as much as possible. Cover heat vents. Close the door or hang plastic across open doorways and seal with tape. Open a window or use an exhaust fan.

    Cover all furniture in the area. Sheets or paint drop clothes can be used. For a large area of mold, move all belongings to another place before clean up. Sort articles for later clean up. See below for cleaning household articles.

    Remove severely mold-damaged materials by putting them in bags and throwing away.

    Scrub the area with a mix of dishwashing liquid and water or liquid laundry detergent (no bleach) and water. Use just enough detergent to make the water a little sudsy. It is important to physically remove all molds!

    Thoroughly dry the area. It is not necessary to use bleach. Bleach can be harmful to your health. Be sure that you scrub away mold with detergent first. If you do use bleach, a mix of 1 part bleach to 9 parts water is enough, or about 1 cup bleach to a gallon of water. Wipe this lightly over the previously moldy area, let sit for 20 minutes, then wipe dry.

    Give the entire area a good cleaning. Vacuum floors and wash bedding and clothes if needed. Consider hiring a professional if the area is larger than 10 square feet, or roughly the size of a full sheet of newspaper.

    Belongings should be sorted into three categories:

    • Permeable and washable: Clothing, bedding and other washable items should be run through the laundry.
    • Non-permeable and washable: wood, metal, plastic, glass and ceramics. First try scrubbing clean with a liquid soap. If that does not work, use one cap of bleach to one quart of water. Spot test to check for spotting from the bleach. Wipe down items, let sit for 20 minutes and then dry.
    • Permeable but not washable: Beds and furniture fit into this category. If items such as mattresses or couches are moldy, you should consider disposal and replacement. If not take them outside; give them a good vacuuming and let them air out. If you do not see or smell mold on the items after this, they should be okay.

    Watch for any new mold growth or health effects. Carpeting and upholstered furniture, if not too badly damaged by mold, can sometimes be cleaned by a professional using hot-water extraction or steam-cleaning. Rental rug-shampooing units are usually ineffective for proper removal of mold and in some cases may cause more mold to grow.

    We are exposed to mold by breathing mold spores from the air. When an area of mold is disturbed, levels of spores in the air may increase up to 10,000 times. It is important to wear protective equipment for cleanup. Eating mold-contaminated material may also expose us.

    There may be toxic effects or allergy. Molds sometimes produce toxins.

    Health effects from toxic exposure may include:

    • Tiredness.
    • Nausea.
    • Headache.
    • Respiratory or eye irritation.

    Allergic reaction to mold may include:

    • Eye, nose, and sinus irritation.
    • A skin rash.
    • Problems with asthma.

    Allergies may be to a specific mold species and you may not react to all mold species. Persons most at risk include young children, elderly, those with compromised immune systems and people with respiratory conditions such as asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

    Opioid Treatment Services FAQs

    Learn about getting started.

    The Addiction Treatment Forum has lots of details.

    Learn about Methadone details and safety

    Yes! We have openings now. 

    You can take these steps:

    1. Pick-up a packet at our front office. To save time, you can fill out these forms and bring them with you: PRE-ADMIT HANDOUTFIRST CONTACT FORM
    2. You need a letter from the doctor who prescribes your opiates. This is called a documentation of addiction..
    3. You must leave a urine sample.

    Questions?

    You can contact Ruby Fierroz at rfierroz@tpchd.org or (253) 649-1406.

    Usually about 2 weeks, but don’t let that stop you from contacting us. There is always a chance to come in as a standby.

    For more details, you can contact Ruby Fierroz at rfierroz@tpchd.org or (253) 649-1406.

    Our Methadone Program is long-term. It is NOT a detox program. Some of our patients have been on the clinic for many years (2-20). It is based on your needs. The length of time can vary dramatically.

    Payment Options

    • Medicaid
    • Cash
    • Insurance*

    NOTE: Some exclusion may apply.

    *Check with your insurance plan (Kaiser, Aetna, Cigna, Premera, etc.) to see if we are included in your network or can be added to your benefits.

    For more details, you can contact Ursula Bradford at ubradford@tpchd.org or (253) 649-1626.

    It is for clients who have activities like school or work in the morning. It allows you to receive your medication, leave a UA or see clinicians.

    If qualified, we will give you a card once a quarter that allows you to fast track the lines. You can check in for urinalysis and dosing between 5-6:30 a.m.

    Our program offers supportive mental health help.

    This includes:

    • Group therapy.
    • Individual therapy.
    • Case management. This includes referrals for crisis intervention and referrals for psychiatric medication management.

    We are not a certified mental health evaluation center. Our services do not include Mental Health Evaluations, as required by the court or any other supervised program.

    We do not supply this service,. We do offer referrals, including psychiatric care.

    Yes!

    Birth and Death Records FAQs

    If you were born in Washington State and the name change occurred in Washington, submit a court-ordered name changes. If the name change occurred outside of Washington State go to the Center for Health Statistics.

    Visit the Washington State Department of Health to learn how to amend an error with an Affidavit for Correction

    If you submit the correction within 1 year of the date of the certificate, you’ll receive a corrected certificate for free. After 1 year, normal fees apply. 

    If you ordered by mail:

    Before you contact our office, verify your check or money order processed, on what date, and that Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department, Vital Records cashed it. If your bank processed the check or money order, our office received your order. 

    If you call our office, provide the customer service representative with the check or money order number and date cashed.

    If you ordered online:

    If you placed your order through VitalChek, you received an order number and a copy of your receipt to your email. If you provided an email address, you should receive a notification when they ship your order. If you call our office, provide the customer service representative with the VitalChek order number.

    If you ordered in-person (walk-in):

    If you ordered in-person (walk-in), you can leave with it the same business day. Next-day pick-up is available at a lesser fee.

    New parents complete a Washington State Birth Filing Form at the hospital or birth center after delivery, not an application to order a birth certificate.

    The first birth certificate issued for a birth isn’t free and hospitals and birth centers can’t order a birth certificate on your behalf. The hospital may have provided you with your local county health department birth certificate order form, which requires a fee. If you did not request for a birth certificate with an order online, mail, or in-person and submitted identification and proof of eligibility documentation, you will not receive a birth certificate. 

    CDC can help you find vital records anywhere in the U.S.  

    It depends on the way you order. The time depends on when we receive full payment and all required documentation. Missing information or documentation delays orders.

    • VitalChek process and ship within 3 days.
    • If you order by mail, you will receive the order within 1-2 weeks after we receive and process payment. 

    Noncertified informational copies of birth and death records are not issued on the certified paper with security features and you can’t use them for legal purposes. It will contain a watermark stating: it is purely for informational purposes only. Check with the agency or business about whether they will accept informational copies before you purchase it.

    Informational copies of birth records contain the same information as a certified birth copy.

    Informational copies of death records contain the same information as the certified short form death copy. they don’t contain cause and manner of death information or social security number of the decedent.

    Noncertified informational copy of long form death, fetal death, marriage, or divorce records are not available.

    The long form death certificate contains cause and manner of death information and social security number of the decedent. You might need this certificate to close out bank accounts or claim benefits like life insurance policies.

    The short form death certificate is for deaths that were registered starting electronically Jan. 1, 2018 to present. They don’t contain cause and manner of death information or social security number of the decedent. You can use this certificate for titles, real estate transactions, and probate cases.

    Check with the agency or business to determine which type of certificate you will need before you purchase it.

    • Birth: All births in Tacoma and Pierce County from 1907-present and all statewide electronically filed.
    • Death: All deaths in Tacoma from 1907-present and Pierce County from 1926-present. Most electronically filed, statewide from 2005 (depends on the county).
    • Short form death: All electronically filed since Jan. 1, 2018.
    • birth or death record that occurred in a different state.
    • A birth or death record that occurred before July 1, 1907. Find online, Washington State Archives.

    All adoptees 18 and older need to access to their original noncertified birth certificates unless a birth parent files a contact preference form indicating that he or she doesn’t want the information released. 

    Post-adoption birth certificate lists the adoptive parent(s) and reflects any legal name change after the adoption is finalized and the birth record has been amended.

    For more information on adoptions, visit DOH’s adoptions page.

    You can request a certificate or noncertified informational copy by ordering:   

    • Online through VitalChek.
    • By mail.
    • In-person.

    The Department of Health can help you order an apostille.

    Get your marriage certificate from the Pierce County Auditor, or in person at 2401 S 35th St, Room 200, Tacoma, WA 98402, or call at 253-798-7435.

    Get your divorce decree in person at 930 Tacoma Ave S, Room 110, Tacoma, WA 98402, or call 253-798-7455. Or, from the court where the divorce was granted.

    If you are not listed as a qualified applicant, you may access vital records information in a variety of ways:

    • Use the authorized representative process.
    • Purchase a noncertified informational copy of a birth and death record.
    • Request historical records directly from State Archives.
    • Copies of vital records like birth or marriage certificates from this or another state that links the applicant to the requested record.
    • Copies of certified court orders linking the applicant to the requested record (ex. legal guardianship court orders or court orders listing someone as the foster parent).
    • Document or letter from a government agency or courts stating the certificate will be used for official duties (for government agency or courts only).
    • Document or letter from title insurer or title insurance agent handling a transaction on behalf of the decedent (for short form death certificates only).

    View the Proof of Eligibility for examples of how to prove qualifying relationship. View in En Español.

    One government issued identification document that has not expired more than 60 days.

    If you don’t have a government issued identification document, then at least 2 documents from the alternative list. View in En Español.

    Qualified applicants are:

    • Subject of the record (a person who is buying their own birth certificate).
    • Spouse or domestic partner.
    • Parent, step-parent, or legal guardian.
    • Child or stepchild.
    • Sibling.
    • Grandparent or great grandparent.
    • Grandchild.
    • Legal representative.
    • Authorized representative.
    • Government agency or the courts if the birth certificate is used to conduct official duties.
    • Parent.
    • Sibling.
    • Grandparent.
    • Parent’s legal representative.
    • Authorized representative.
    • Funeral director or funeral establishment listed on the record (up to 12 months from the date of fetal death).
    • Government agency or courts if the fetal death certificate will be used for official duties.
    • Spouse or domestic partner of the decedent.
    • Parent, step-parent, or legal guardian immediately prior to death.
    • Child or stepchild.
    • Sibling.
    • Grandparent or great grandparent.
    • Grandchild.
    • Legal representative.
    • Authorized representative.
    • Next of kin, only if no one else from this list is living.
    • Funeral director or funeral establishment that is named on the record (up to 12 months from the date of death).
    • Government agency or courts if the death certificate will be used for official duties.

    Qualified applicants are the same as the long form death certificates, plus:

    • A title insurer or title insurance agent handling a transaction involving real property.
    • A person that demonstrates the certificate is necessary for a determination related to the death or protection of a personal or property right related to the death.

    No. The vital records offices in Washington state will not perform a search or verification of a vital record. You must submit a complete application and purchase a vital record.

    Find fees for you or your business on the Vital Records fee schedule.

    The certified and noncertified informational copy fee is $25. Additional service fees may apply:

    • Base fee for a certificate and noncertified informational copy is $25.
    • Online orders have a $12 processing fee and an $11.50 VitalChek fee.
    • In-person orders have a $10 processing fee and a $1 credit/debit card service fee when you order from Health Department kiosks. VitalChek kiosks have a $10 processing plus $3.50 VitalChek fee. Additional processing fees for same-day service. 

    We don’t provide refunds for records we can’t locate or if the documentation you provide doesn’t prove you were eligible to receive a birth, death, or fetal death certificate.

    • First, middle, and last name of the subject of the record.
    • First and last name of all parents listed on the record.
    • Date of birth (month, day, year).
    • City or county where the birth occurred.
    • First and last name of the decedent.
    • Approximate date of death (month and year).
    • City or county where the death occurred.

    The requirements are the same to request a birth certificate, but the government agency or homeless services provider working on behalf of the homeless individual submits the request to Washington State Department of Health.

    1. A completed application with required pieces of information.
    2. Proper documents proving identity.
    3. Proper documents proving qualifying relationship.
    4. Applicable fee(s).

    If you can’t prove your identity, you may access vital records information other ways:

    • Check with family members who have a qualifying relationship with the subject of the record and can prove identity about requesting the certificate for you.
    • Purchase a noncertified informational copy of a birth or death record.
    • Request historical records directly from State Archives.

    To purchase a birth or death certificate, you must provide the required pieces of information. On your request, please provide all variations that may appear on the certificate due to an amendment, legal name change, or establishment of parentage. Check with family members for more information and verify if differences exist between the information you provide and what may appear on the certificate.

    Noncertified informational copies of birth and death records are available to anyone who completes an application form with required pieces of information and pays applicable fees.

    Required pieces of information for a noncertified informational birth copy are:

    • First, middle, and last name of the subject of the record.
    • First and last name of all parents listed on the record.
    • Date of birth (month, day, year).
    • City or county where the birth occurred.

    Required pieces of information for a noncertified informational death copy are:

    • First and last name of the decedent.
    • Approximate date of death (month and year).
    • City or county where the death occurred.

    Changes include:

    • Only qualified applicants can obtain certified copies of birth, death, and fetal death records.
    • All qualified applicants must provide identification and proof of eligibility documentation.
    • The certificate and noncertified fees are $25 each.
    • Identified in a notarized form signed by a qualified applicant.
    • An agent identified in a power of attorney.

    You can’t use noncertified informational copies for legal purposes, which limits the use. Noncertified informational copies of birth and death records are not issued on the certified paper with security features – it will contain a watermark stating that it is purely for informational purposes only.

    Certified copies or certificates of birth and death records are base documents that prove identity, provide access to important services (school, medical, etc.) and accounts. Extra steps to limit access to certified copies of records is an important step to protect personal information and prevent fraud.

    The fee for certificates has not increased since 2007. These fees support the vital records system across the state and help fund the death investigations account (a fund operated by Washington State Patrol to pay for the state toxicology lab, investigations, and training).

    Fees help maintain the level of service—expediting online orders so you receive the records faster.

    Correcting a Record

    If you were born in Washington State and the name change occurred in Washington, submit a court-ordered name changes. If the name change occurred outside of Washington State go to the Center for Health Statistics.

    Visit the Washington State Department of Health to learn how to amend an error with an Affidavit for Correction

    If you submit the correction within 1 year of the date of the certificate, you’ll receive a corrected certificate for free. After 1 year, normal fees apply. 

    Getting a Record

    If you ordered by mail:

    Before you contact our office, verify your check or money order processed, on what date, and that Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department, Vital Records cashed it. If your bank processed the check or money order, our office received your order. 

    If you call our office, provide the customer service representative with the check or money order number and date cashed.

    If you ordered online:

    If you placed your order through VitalChek, you received an order number and a copy of your receipt to your email. If you provided an email address, you should receive a notification when they ship your order. If you call our office, provide the customer service representative with the VitalChek order number.

    If you ordered in-person (walk-in):

    If you ordered in-person (walk-in), you can leave with it the same business day. Next-day pick-up is available at a lesser fee.

    New parents complete a Washington State Birth Filing Form at the hospital or birth center after delivery, not an application to order a birth certificate.

    The first birth certificate issued for a birth isn’t free and hospitals and birth centers can’t order a birth certificate on your behalf. The hospital may have provided you with your local county health department birth certificate order form, which requires a fee. If you did not request for a birth certificate with an order online, mail, or in-person and submitted identification and proof of eligibility documentation, you will not receive a birth certificate. 

    CDC can help you find vital records anywhere in the U.S.  

    It depends on the way you order. The time depends on when we receive full payment and all required documentation. Missing information or documentation delays orders.

    • VitalChek process and ship within 3 days.
    • If you order by mail, you will receive the order within 1-2 weeks after we receive and process payment. 

    Noncertified informational copies of birth and death records are not issued on the certified paper with security features and you can’t use them for legal purposes. It will contain a watermark stating: it is purely for informational purposes only. Check with the agency or business about whether they will accept informational copies before you purchase it.

    Informational copies of birth records contain the same information as a certified birth copy.

    Informational copies of death records contain the same information as the certified short form death copy. they don’t contain cause and manner of death information or social security number of the decedent.

    Noncertified informational copy of long form death, fetal death, marriage, or divorce records are not available.

    The long form death certificate contains cause and manner of death information and social security number of the decedent. You might need this certificate to close out bank accounts or claim benefits like life insurance policies.

    The short form death certificate is for deaths that were registered starting electronically Jan. 1, 2018 to present. They don’t contain cause and manner of death information or social security number of the decedent. You can use this certificate for titles, real estate transactions, and probate cases.

    Check with the agency or business to determine which type of certificate you will need before you purchase it.

    • Birth: All births in Tacoma and Pierce County from 1907-present and all statewide electronically filed.
    • Death: All deaths in Tacoma from 1907-present and Pierce County from 1926-present. Most electronically filed, statewide from 2005 (depends on the county).
    • Short form death: All electronically filed since Jan. 1, 2018.
    • birth or death record that occurred in a different state.
    • A birth or death record that occurred before July 1, 1907. Find online, Washington State Archives.

    All adoptees 18 and older need to access to their original noncertified birth certificates unless a birth parent files a contact preference form indicating that he or she doesn’t want the information released. 

    Post-adoption birth certificate lists the adoptive parent(s) and reflects any legal name change after the adoption is finalized and the birth record has been amended.

    For more information on adoptions, visit DOH’s adoptions page.

    You can request a certificate or noncertified informational copy by ordering:   

    • Online through VitalChek.
    • By mail.
    • In-person.

    Other Certifications/Licensing

    The Department of Health can help you order an apostille.

    Get your marriage certificate from the Pierce County Auditor, or in person at 2401 S 35th St, Room 200, Tacoma, WA 98402, or call at 253-798-7435.

    Get your divorce decree in person at 930 Tacoma Ave S, Room 110, Tacoma, WA 98402, or call 253-798-7455. Or, from the court where the divorce was granted.

    Qualified Applicant

    If you are not listed as a qualified applicant, you may access vital records information in a variety of ways:

    • Use the authorized representative process.
    • Purchase a noncertified informational copy of a birth and death record.
    • Request historical records directly from State Archives.
    • Copies of vital records like birth or marriage certificates from this or another state that links the applicant to the requested record.
    • Copies of certified court orders linking the applicant to the requested record (ex. legal guardianship court orders or court orders listing someone as the foster parent).
    • Document or letter from a government agency or courts stating the certificate will be used for official duties (for government agency or courts only).
    • Document or letter from title insurer or title insurance agent handling a transaction on behalf of the decedent (for short form death certificates only).

    View the Proof of Eligibility for examples of how to prove qualifying relationship. View in En Español.

    One government issued identification document that has not expired more than 60 days.

    If you don’t have a government issued identification document, then at least 2 documents from the alternative list. View in En Español.

    Qualified applicants are:

    • Subject of the record (a person who is buying their own birth certificate).
    • Spouse or domestic partner.
    • Parent, step-parent, or legal guardian.
    • Child or stepchild.
    • Sibling.
    • Grandparent or great grandparent.
    • Grandchild.
    • Legal representative.
    • Authorized representative.
    • Government agency or the courts if the birth certificate is used to conduct official duties.
    • Parent.
    • Sibling.
    • Grandparent.
    • Parent’s legal representative.
    • Authorized representative.
    • Funeral director or funeral establishment listed on the record (up to 12 months from the date of fetal death).
    • Government agency or courts if the fetal death certificate will be used for official duties.
    • Spouse or domestic partner of the decedent.
    • Parent, step-parent, or legal guardian immediately prior to death.
    • Child or stepchild.
    • Sibling.
    • Grandparent or great grandparent.
    • Grandchild.
    • Legal representative.
    • Authorized representative.
    • Next of kin, only if no one else from this list is living.
    • Funeral director or funeral establishment that is named on the record (up to 12 months from the date of death).
    • Government agency or courts if the death certificate will be used for official duties.

    Qualified applicants are the same as the long form death certificates, plus:

    • A title insurer or title insurance agent handling a transaction involving real property.
    • A person that demonstrates the certificate is necessary for a determination related to the death or protection of a personal or property right related to the death.

    Records Cost

    No. The vital records offices in Washington state will not perform a search or verification of a vital record. You must submit a complete application and purchase a vital record.

    Find fees for you or your business on the Vital Records fee schedule.

    The certified and noncertified informational copy fee is $25. Additional service fees may apply:

    • Base fee for a certificate and noncertified informational copy is $25.
    • Online orders have a $12 processing fee and an $11.50 VitalChek fee.
    • In-person orders have a $10 processing fee and a $1 credit/debit card service fee when you order from Health Department kiosks. VitalChek kiosks have a $10 processing plus $3.50 VitalChek fee. Additional processing fees for same-day service. 

    We don’t provide refunds for records we can’t locate or if the documentation you provide doesn’t prove you were eligible to receive a birth, death, or fetal death certificate.

    Requirements

    • First, middle, and last name of the subject of the record.
    • First and last name of all parents listed on the record.
    • Date of birth (month, day, year).
    • City or county where the birth occurred.
    • First and last name of the decedent.
    • Approximate date of death (month and year).
    • City or county where the death occurred.

    The requirements are the same to request a birth certificate, but the government agency or homeless services provider working on behalf of the homeless individual submits the request to Washington State Department of Health.

    1. A completed application with required pieces of information.
    2. Proper documents proving identity.
    3. Proper documents proving qualifying relationship.
    4. Applicable fee(s).

    If you can’t prove your identity, you may access vital records information other ways:

    • Check with family members who have a qualifying relationship with the subject of the record and can prove identity about requesting the certificate for you.
    • Purchase a noncertified informational copy of a birth or death record.
    • Request historical records directly from State Archives.

    To purchase a birth or death certificate, you must provide the required pieces of information. On your request, please provide all variations that may appear on the certificate due to an amendment, legal name change, or establishment of parentage. Check with family members for more information and verify if differences exist between the information you provide and what may appear on the certificate.

    Noncertified informational copies of birth and death records are available to anyone who completes an application form with required pieces of information and pays applicable fees.

    Required pieces of information for a noncertified informational birth copy are:

    • First, middle, and last name of the subject of the record.
    • First and last name of all parents listed on the record.
    • Date of birth (month, day, year).
    • City or county where the birth occurred.

    Required pieces of information for a noncertified informational death copy are:

    • First and last name of the decedent.
    • Approximate date of death (month and year).
    • City or county where the death occurred.

    Vital Records Law

    Changes include:

    • Only qualified applicants can obtain certified copies of birth, death, and fetal death records.
    • All qualified applicants must provide identification and proof of eligibility documentation.
    • The certificate and noncertified fees are $25 each.
    • Identified in a notarized form signed by a qualified applicant.
    • An agent identified in a power of attorney.

    You can’t use noncertified informational copies for legal purposes, which limits the use. Noncertified informational copies of birth and death records are not issued on the certified paper with security features – it will contain a watermark stating that it is purely for informational purposes only.

    Certified copies or certificates of birth and death records are base documents that prove identity, provide access to important services (school, medical, etc.) and accounts. Extra steps to limit access to certified copies of records is an important step to protect personal information and prevent fraud.

    The fee for certificates has not increased since 2007. These fees support the vital records system across the state and help fund the death investigations account (a fund operated by Washington State Patrol to pay for the state toxicology lab, investigations, and training).

    Fees help maintain the level of service—expediting online orders so you receive the records faster.

    COVID-19 FAQs

    K-12 students who test positive should isolate at home regardless of vaccination status. Childcare providers are required to send sick people home. Staff are required to isolate if COVID positive. Read Washington State Department of Health’s Guidance to Prevent and Respond to COVID-19 in K-12 Schools and Child Cares for isolation recommendations in schools and child care facilities. 

    Childcare providers are required to send home or isolate children with illness. This includes fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or other symptoms listed in WAC 110-300-0205

    Washington State Legislature has required this since before the COVID-19 pandemic

    Kids at daycare can easily spread common illnesses, such as: 

    • Common cold. 
    • Stomach bug. 
    • Hand, foot and mouth disease. 
    • COVID-19. 

    If you had no symptoms, return after day 5.  

    If you had symptoms and are improving: 

    • You may end isolation after day 5 if you have not had a fever for 24 hours without use of fever reducing medications.

    If your symptoms are NOT improving:

    • Continue to isolate until 24 hours after your fever is gone without fever-reducing medication. Mild cough and fatigue may linger after recovery. 

    If you had symptoms and had:

    • Moderate illness (having shortness of breath or difficulty breathing), you need to isolate through day 10.
    • Severe illness (you were hospitalized) or have a weakened immune system.
      • You need to isolate through day 10.
      • Consult your doctor before ending isolation.
      • Ending isolation with out a viral test may not be an option for you. 

    If you take a test on day 5 and continue to test positive, stay away from others another 5 days. Staff working for schools or childcare facilities should follow the isolation guidance listed on Washington State Department of Health’s website

    Wear a well-fitted mask around others for an additional 5 days. Call your healthcare provider immediately if symptoms worsen. Call 911 if you have a medical emergency. Tell the dispatcher you have or may have COVID-19. Wear a face covering before emergency medical services arrive.

    No, young people also experience severe outcomes, though less often than older people.

    If you had no symptoms, return after day 5.  

    If you had symptoms and are improving: 

    • You may end isolation after day 5 if you have not had a fever for 24 hours without use of fever reducing medications.

    If your symptoms are NOT improving:

    • Continue to isolate until 24 hours after your fever is gone without fever-reducing medication. Mild cough and fatigue may linger after recovery. 

    If you had symptoms and had:

    • Moderate illness (having shortness of breath or difficulty breathing), you need to isolate through day 10.
    • Severe illness (you were hospitalized) or have a weakened immune system.
      • You need to isolate through day 10.
      • Consult your doctor before ending isolation.
      • Ending isolation with out a viral test may not be an option for you. 

    If you take a test on day 5 and continue to test positive, stay away from others another 5 days. Staff working for schools or childcare facilities should follow the isolation guidance listed on Washington State Department of Health’s website

    Wear a well-fitted mask around others for an additional 5 days. Call your healthcare provider immediately if symptoms worsen. Call 911 if you have a medical emergency. Tell the dispatcher you have or may have COVID-19. Wear a face covering before emergency medical services arrive.

    Isolate and get tested. Talk to your healthcare provider right away to determine if you are a good candidate for antiviral treatment, even if your symptoms are mild right now.

    If you suspect you have COVID-19, follow these steps to prevent the spread of disease: 

    Stay home except to get medical care.

    People who have mild cases of COVID-19 can isolate at home. Don’t leave unless you need medical care. Don’t go to work, school, or public areas. Avoid public transportation, ridesharing, or taxis.

    Separate yourself from other people in your home.

    Stay in a specific room and away from other people and animals in your home. Use a separate bathroom, if available.

    Monitor your symptoms.

    Seek prompt medical attention if your illness gets worse. Symptoms can include:

    • Cough.
    • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
    • Fever, chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, loss of taste or smell.

    Call ahead before you visit your doctor or an emergency room.

    If you have a medical appointment, call the healthcare provider and tell them that you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the healthcare provider take steps to prevent exposure to other people. View our infographic

    People with COVID-19 reported a range of symptoms that can appear 2 to 14 days after exposure.

    Treatments may help reduce how sick you become if you get COVID-19.  

    You may be eligible for treatment If you: 

    • Have mild to moderate COVID-19 symptoms (non-hospitalized and don’t require oxygen).
    • Tested positive for COVID-19 and you are likely to be at high risk to have severe disease. 

    Oral antivirals or IV (intravenous) antiviral treatments are available. Talk with your medical provider right away to see if you are a candidate for this treatment, even if your symptoms are mild. 

    Learn more about COVID-19 therapies Treatment Options for COVID19

    Treatment must be started within days of when you first develop symptoms to be effective. 

    If you can’t get access to treatment, a test to treat program is available. If you can’t physically see a medical provider, free telehealth is another option. 

    Variants are mutated versions of the virus. Mutations are common among most viruses. Some variants disappear and some persist. Some are more concerning than others. Learn more about variants.

    We receive regularly updated reports from the state on the variants that are circulating in Washington. This helps us to predict future case spikes and to determine which treatments are likely to be effective against COVID-19.

    Test when you feel sick. COVID-19 has a wide range of symptoms. If you are not feeling well, get tested as soon as possible. 

    Find a COVID-19 test site near you and learn more about COVID-19 testing and at Washington State Department of Health

    COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. Vaccines must pass some of the toughest safety measures in medicine. The process to approve and monitor vaccines has been around for decades. It’s the same process used to develop vaccines for measles, mumps, pertussis (whooping cough), and seasonal flu viruses.  

    The process to bring a safe and effective vaccine to you begins with clinical trials. Trials are ongoing for COVID-19 vaccines. Throughout vaccine development and distribution, numerous safety measures are in place.  

    COVID-19 vaccines are safe for kids. Since the beginning of the pandemic, over 15 million children in the United States have gotten COVID-19 vaccine.  

    While COVID-19 is often milder in children than adults, children can still get very sick and spread it to friends and family who are immunocompromised or vulnerable in other ways. 

    Pregnant people may be at greater risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Pregnant people and their families should take steps to stay healthy and reduce their risk for getting COVID-19. Learn more here: Pregnancy, Birth, and Caring for your Newborn.

    While no longer required, face masks help prevent the spread of disease. Many in our community will choose to continue to wear masks to protect the health of themselves and those around them. We encourage everyone to respect the decisions of those around you, and to follow the best public health practices for you and your family.

    Schools and Childcare FAQs

    K-12 students who test positive should isolate at home regardless of vaccination status. Childcare providers are required to send sick people home. Staff are required to isolate if COVID positive. Read Washington State Department of Health’s Guidance to Prevent and Respond to COVID-19 in K-12 Schools and Child Cares for isolation recommendations in schools and child care facilities. 

    Childcare providers are required to send home or isolate children with illness. This includes fever, vomiting, diarrhea, or other symptoms listed in WAC 110-300-0205

    Washington State Legislature has required this since before the COVID-19 pandemic

    Kids at daycare can easily spread common illnesses, such as: 

    • Common cold. 
    • Stomach bug. 
    • Hand, foot and mouth disease. 
    • COVID-19. 

    Business and Government FAQs

    If you had no symptoms, return after day 5.  

    If you had symptoms and are improving: 

    • You may end isolation after day 5 if you have not had a fever for 24 hours without use of fever reducing medications.

    If your symptoms are NOT improving:

    • Continue to isolate until 24 hours after your fever is gone without fever-reducing medication. Mild cough and fatigue may linger after recovery. 

    If you had symptoms and had:

    • Moderate illness (having shortness of breath or difficulty breathing), you need to isolate through day 10.
    • Severe illness (you were hospitalized) or have a weakened immune system.
      • You need to isolate through day 10.
      • Consult your doctor before ending isolation.
      • Ending isolation with out a viral test may not be an option for you. 

    If you take a test on day 5 and continue to test positive, stay away from others another 5 days. Staff working for schools or childcare facilities should follow the isolation guidance listed on Washington State Department of Health’s website

    Wear a well-fitted mask around others for an additional 5 days. Call your healthcare provider immediately if symptoms worsen. Call 911 if you have a medical emergency. Tell the dispatcher you have or may have COVID-19. Wear a face covering before emergency medical services arrive.

    Exposure, Symptoms & Treatment

    No, young people also experience severe outcomes, though less often than older people.

    If you had no symptoms, return after day 5.  

    If you had symptoms and are improving: 

    • You may end isolation after day 5 if you have not had a fever for 24 hours without use of fever reducing medications.

    If your symptoms are NOT improving:

    • Continue to isolate until 24 hours after your fever is gone without fever-reducing medication. Mild cough and fatigue may linger after recovery. 

    If you had symptoms and had:

    • Moderate illness (having shortness of breath or difficulty breathing), you need to isolate through day 10.
    • Severe illness (you were hospitalized) or have a weakened immune system.
      • You need to isolate through day 10.
      • Consult your doctor before ending isolation.
      • Ending isolation with out a viral test may not be an option for you. 

    If you take a test on day 5 and continue to test positive, stay away from others another 5 days. Staff working for schools or childcare facilities should follow the isolation guidance listed on Washington State Department of Health’s website

    Wear a well-fitted mask around others for an additional 5 days. Call your healthcare provider immediately if symptoms worsen. Call 911 if you have a medical emergency. Tell the dispatcher you have or may have COVID-19. Wear a face covering before emergency medical services arrive.

    Isolate and get tested. Talk to your healthcare provider right away to determine if you are a good candidate for antiviral treatment, even if your symptoms are mild right now.

    If you suspect you have COVID-19, follow these steps to prevent the spread of disease: 

    Stay home except to get medical care.

    People who have mild cases of COVID-19 can isolate at home. Don’t leave unless you need medical care. Don’t go to work, school, or public areas. Avoid public transportation, ridesharing, or taxis.

    Separate yourself from other people in your home.

    Stay in a specific room and away from other people and animals in your home. Use a separate bathroom, if available.

    Monitor your symptoms.

    Seek prompt medical attention if your illness gets worse. Symptoms can include:

    • Cough.
    • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
    • Fever, chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, loss of taste or smell.

    Call ahead before you visit your doctor or an emergency room.

    If you have a medical appointment, call the healthcare provider and tell them that you have or may have COVID-19. This will help the healthcare provider take steps to prevent exposure to other people. View our infographic

    People with COVID-19 reported a range of symptoms that can appear 2 to 14 days after exposure.

    Treatments may help reduce how sick you become if you get COVID-19.  

    You may be eligible for treatment If you: 

    • Have mild to moderate COVID-19 symptoms (non-hospitalized and don’t require oxygen).
    • Tested positive for COVID-19 and you are likely to be at high risk to have severe disease. 

    Oral antivirals or IV (intravenous) antiviral treatments are available. Talk with your medical provider right away to see if you are a candidate for this treatment, even if your symptoms are mild. 

    Learn more about COVID-19 therapies Treatment Options for COVID19

    Treatment must be started within days of when you first develop symptoms to be effective. 

    If you can’t get access to treatment, a test to treat program is available. If you can’t physically see a medical provider, free telehealth is another option. 

    General Questions

    Variants are mutated versions of the virus. Mutations are common among most viruses. Some variants disappear and some persist. Some are more concerning than others. Learn more about variants.

    We receive regularly updated reports from the state on the variants that are circulating in Washington. This helps us to predict future case spikes and to determine which treatments are likely to be effective against COVID-19.

    Masks

    While no longer required, face masks help prevent the spread of disease. Many in our community will choose to continue to wear masks to protect the health of themselves and those around them. We encourage everyone to respect the decisions of those around you, and to follow the best public health practices for you and your family.

    Testing

    Test when you feel sick. COVID-19 has a wide range of symptoms. If you are not feeling well, get tested as soon as possible. 

    Find a COVID-19 test site near you and learn more about COVID-19 testing and at Washington State Department of Health

    Vaccine

    COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. Vaccines must pass some of the toughest safety measures in medicine. The process to approve and monitor vaccines has been around for decades. It’s the same process used to develop vaccines for measles, mumps, pertussis (whooping cough), and seasonal flu viruses.  

    The process to bring a safe and effective vaccine to you begins with clinical trials. Trials are ongoing for COVID-19 vaccines. Throughout vaccine development and distribution, numerous safety measures are in place.  

    COVID-19 vaccines are safe for kids. Since the beginning of the pandemic, over 15 million children in the United States have gotten COVID-19 vaccine.  

    While COVID-19 is often milder in children than adults, children can still get very sick and spread it to friends and family who are immunocompromised or vulnerable in other ways. 

    Pregnant people may be at greater risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Pregnant people and their families should take steps to stay healthy and reduce their risk for getting COVID-19. Learn more here: Pregnancy, Birth, and Caring for your Newborn.

    Flu Vaccine FAQs

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends everyone over age 6 months get a flu vaccine. Babies under age 6 months are too young to get the flu vaccine, and people who have had a serious severe allergic reaction to flu vaccine in the past should not get one. People who have had severe egg allergy or a very rare nervous system condition called Guillian-Barre syndrome should talk to their doctor before they get a flu shot.

    Yes. Each year, vaccines companies make a new vaccine from flu viruses that we expect to be present during the season.

    Most people should get a flu shot by the end of October. This includes pregnant women in the first and second trimester.

    Pregnant women in the third trimester should get flu vaccine as soon as it becomes available—could be as early as July or August—to give themselves and their babies the best protection.

    If you don’t get a flu shot by the end of October, you should get one as soon as you can.

    In general, children younger than 9 years need two doses of flu vaccine the first year they get a flu shot.

    If a child age 6 months to 9 years has not had two doses of flu vaccine in their life, they should get two doses this season. The two doses must be at least 4 weeks apart. They should get the first dose as soon as flu vaccine becomes available so they can get their second dose by the end of October.

    Most people do not have any side effects. If they do happen, they are usually mild. The most common side effects are soreness, redness, tenderness or swelling where the shot is given. The flu vaccine cannot give you the flu.

    The effectiveness of the flu vaccine depends on the match between the flu vaccine and the types of flu viruses that are circulating. If there is a good match, the flu vaccine is usually over 60% effective in healthy adults. Flu vaccine is generally somewhat less effective in elderly persons and very young children, but vaccination can still prevent serious complications. The flu vaccine is more effective in healthy people, and it is important for healthy people to receive the flu shot to protect people close to them who may not be healthy.

    Yes, the flu vaccination is very safe. CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) hold vaccines to the highest safety standards. Flu vaccines have been given to hundreds of millions of people and have been made the same way for decades. As with all vaccines, flu vaccine testing and safety monitoring are done in multiple phases. For vaccines to be approved, the manufacturing facilities and processes must meet standards to make sure that the vaccines are pure and effective. After vaccines are approved, each batch is tested before it is released to check purity and strength. Several systems are in place to watch for possible side effects after vaccines are given.

    Yes, the nasal spray flu vaccine (FluMist) is available this season and is included in the current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations.

    Most flu vaccine is made with eggs. Two types of vaccine—cell-based and recombinant—are not made with eggs. People who have had only hives from eggs can get any type of flu vaccine that is otherwise appropriate for their age and health status. People with more severe allergic reactions to eggs, like wheezing or swelling of the face or throat, can also get any type of flu vaccine. If they get egg-based vaccine, they should be vaccinated by a healthcare provider with experience treating allergic reactions.

    Yes. There are three products approved for people 65 and older, Fluzone High-Dose, FLUAD and Flublok Quadrivalent. If you are 65 or older, CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends these vaccines. They may provide better protection for people 65 or older. 

    Vaccines packaged in multidose vials contain thimerosal, a preservative that protects vaccines against contamination. Thimerosal contains a small amount ethyl mercury. Other than minor reactions like redness and swelling at the injection site, there is no evidence of harm caused by the small amount of thimerosal in vaccines. Vaccines packaged in single-dose vials and pre-filled syringes are thimerosal-free. They are usually given to children under age 3 and pregnant women because Washington law restricts the amount of thimerosal in vaccines for pregnant women and children under age 3. Most of the flu vaccines licensed by the FDA for use in the United States do not contain thimerosal. 

    In 1976, a type of influenza (swine flu) vaccine was associated with Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS). Since then, flu vaccines have not been clearly linked to GBS. GBS is a rare problem in which a person’s own immune system damages the nerves, causing muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis. If there is a risk of GBS from current flu vaccines, it would be no more than one or two cases per million people vaccinated.  This is much lower than the risk of complications and death from influenza. Influenza can also cause GBS. It is not fully known what causes GBS.  About two-thirds of people who get GBS do so after they have been sick with diarrhea or a lung or sinus illness.

    Yes, you can get a flu shot at the same time as other vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccine.

    Hepatitis C FAQs

    Any procedure involving blood can possibly transmit hepatitis C or other bloodborne illnesses. Health care providers need to have careful infection control practices in place to protect patient health. Even receiving vitamin infusions, acupuncture or other shots can put you at risk. That’s why practitioners need to take extra care to follow sterilization and infection control procedures to keep you safe.

    Nationwide, the opioid epidemic has led to widespread drug abuse, among all ages of people in all walks of life. That includes healthcare workers. When healthcare workers have problems with drugs and addiction, it is possible that patients can be harmed. Patients can be exposed to blood borne pathogens when healthcare workers steal medications for their own use, by accidentally contaminating patient medications with blood or other substances, which can cause infections.

    An infected person’s symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain or yellow eyes or skin. But most people don’t know they have hepatitis C until they’re tested. When they first get infected, 70% of people with hepatitis C won’t have symptoms.

    Most people who get hepatitis C will carry the virus throughout their lifetime, if they do not receive treatment. About 20% of people who contract hepatitis C will clear the infection on their own, without treatment.

    You may or may not show symptoms if you have hepatitis C. That’s why you should contact your healthcare provider right away if you have the risk factors. You are at greater risk of exposure to the virus if you:

    • Use a needle, syringe, or lancet contaminated with blood containing hepatitis C virus.
    • Use a personal care item (like a razor, nail clipper or toothbrush) contaminated with blood containing the virus.
    • Your mom had hepatitis C when you were born.
    • Had sex with a person who has hepatitis C.

    People born between 1945 and 1965 are five times more likely to have hepatitis C. If you were born during this time, talk to your healthcare provider about getting tested.

    People who are at risk of hepatitis C should get tested. Take the free online test  to determine your risk.

    The national blood supply was not tested for hepatitis C prior to 1992. The healthcare field hasn’t always used our current universal precautions to prevent the spread of bloodborne diseases. If someone used drugs once, decades ago, they may not remember.

    Ask your healthcare provider about getting tested for hepatitis C. You can also find out your level of risk by taking a free online test.

    If you received a letter stating that you were potentially exposed in a healthcare setting, you should be tested now and again in six months if the visit where you got the shot or IV infusion was within the last six months.

    Tests provide only a snapshot of a person’s blood at the time of testing. They will not tell us how long a person may have had the disease or when the person was first infected. We use two different tests to look for hepatitis C.

    The first test is for antibodies. When someone is exposed to the hepatitis C virus, they create antibodies to fight the infection. They continue to make them even after the virus is gone. A positive antibody shows the virus was there but doesn’t tell us when.

    The second test looks for genetic material from the hepatitis C virus. This material is called RNA, and tells us the virus is still present. Comparing the types of RNA found in different patients can also tell us if the infections came from the same source.

    About 25% of people fight off hepatitis C in the first six months of their infection—without any treatment. During that six months, the person will have RNA and could spread the virus. Once the virus clears, or once an infected person completes treatment, the virus is gone and the RNA test will be negative. So, even though a person has a negative RNA now, it does not mean they never had the virus.

    The figure on the right shows how we use the two different tests to determine infection status.

    The most important step is to get treatment. When left untreated, hepatitis C can cause serious health problems. New treatments are available that can cure hepatitis C for almost everyone. Talk with your healthcare provider to determine which treatment option is best for you.

    If you test positive for hepatitis C, someone from the Health Department will work with you.

    • It may be possible to determine how long you have been infected.
    • Some people may have had hepatitis C for a long time but have never been tested before.
    • Just because you have hepatitis C does not mean you got it from a healthcare procedure.

    Hepatitis C spreads when blood containing the virus gets inside another person. Typically, this happens through injection drug use or sharing needles, syringes or lancets contaminated with blood containing hepatitis C. Other ways hepatitis C can spread:

    • Use of personal care items (like a razor, nail clipper or toothbrush) contaminated with blood containing hepatitis C.
    • Getting a tattoo or piercing with unsterilized needles or other equipment (professional shops are low risk).
    • Sex with a person who has hepatitis C (although the risk of this is very low).
    • Your mom had hepatitis C when you were born.

    It depends on the type of exposure. Sometimes we don’t know which type of exposure transmitted the virus.

    • Sharing or using sharp items, like syringes or needles, with more than one person is very high risk.
    • Sharing drug use equipment, like needles, syringes, rinse water, cottons and cookers, is high risk.
    • Sharing a personal care item, (like a razor, nail clipper, tweezer or toothbrush) is moderate risk.
    • Having sex with someone who has hepatitis C is a lower risk.
    • Being born to a woman with hepatitis C is a lower risk.

    It is very rare that we see transmission of hepatitis C in healthcare settings. Providers need to follow careful infection control practices to protect patient health and safety.

    A variety of treatments are available. The new treatments are much easier to take than the old medications.

    • Treatment is pills, not shots.
    • Typically, the duration of treatment is two-three months.
    • Few side effects.
    • More than 90% of people who complete the new treatment are cured.

    Retesting is based on a person’s exposure date. When exposed, an individual is considered acute for up to six months, and would require additional testing to rule out infection in that timeframe. Past six months, the body has either cleared the infection or converted to a chronic carrier. 

    Injection drug users who are currently using need frequent retesting. Because they are at high risk of hepatitis C exposure, if they continue to use, they should be tested throughout their lives.

    Yes, if the same risk factors exist. 

    No. However, if the person is a chronic carrier of the disease, he or she should be treated for the disease. Treatment can happen in the acute phase as well. 

    This is a precaution. Standard medical practice requires testing for these additional bloodborne pathogens because they are spread the same way as hepatitis C, although HIV is harder to catch than hepatitis B or C.

    If you receive a health notification that you need to be tested for possible hepatitis C exposure and your insurance does not cover it, you have options. Your provider may offer free testing. Check your notification letter, or give them a call to find out more. In some cases, the Health Department can also pay for testing to ensure you get the care you need. We also will work with anyone who tests positive to explore their options for treatment.

    Mpox FAQs

    If you have a new rash or sores or other symptoms:

    • Avoid sex or intimate contact.
    • Contact your healthcare provider. Remind them mpox may be circulating in the community.
    • Results can take a few days. Continue to isolate from others while you wait.
    • You don’t need to visit the emergency room unless you’re seriously ill. 

    If you don’t have a healthcare provider or insurance and need to get tested or treated for mpox, call us at (253) 649-1412.

    Your insurance should cover testing. If you don’t have insurance and need to get tested for mpox, call us at (253) 649-1412.

    Most people recover from mpox on their own without treatment. Antivirals might help if you meet criteria for treatment. Your healthcare provider will help you decide the right treatment.

    Avoid sex or intimate activities with anyone until after you talk with a healthcare provider. Stay home and isolate from other people in your household. If you can’t fully isolate from others in your household or must leave home, wear a face mask and avoid physical contact.

    If the exposure meets CDC’s criteria for high- or intermediate-risk close contact, avoid prolonged physical contact for 21 days.

    Watch for symptoms. If you have them, start your isolation period. You can reduce your risk of severe symptoms if you start the vaccination series within 4 days of exposure. Contact your healthcare provider or call us at (253) 649-1412 to see if you are eligible. 

    Tell them to talk to their healthcare provider about getting tested. They should isolate at home until they get the results.

    Demand for mpox vaccine is high and the supply from CDC remains limited.

    We are working with pharmacies, healthcare providers and community partners who routinely provide care to people at high risk of exposure to get mpox vaccine to those who need it most. 

    Learn more on our mpox vaccine page.

    Mpox nearly always spreads by prolonged physical contact with the skin of a person who is sick with the disease. It spreads most efficiently if you have open or crusted monkeypox sores on the skin, but it can also spread through bodily fluids.

    A very small number of current cases were spread through either inhaling virus (most commonly in shared housing or healthcare settings) or possibly through clothing or surfaces. Spread in household or healthcare settings is very uncommon.

    COVID-19 is still a much more common health threat than mpox in Pierce County. If you take the sorts of precautions that keep COVID risk low (avoiding large gatherings, masking in public settings, good hand hygiene), your risk of catching mpox in the community is very low.

    If you have insurance, it should cover the vaccine. If you don’t have insurance or are underinsured, we can direct you to a clinic that will provide a dose at no cost to you.

    Not right now. We have a limited amount available in Pierce County for high and intermediate close contacts. We’ll notify you if you are eligible and help you find a dose.

    We expect to get more vaccine and hope to expand eligibility to at-risk populations soon. We are coordinating distribution of vaccine with pharmacies and providers.

    Yes. A new medication called TPOXX treats mpox. It is only available through emergency use authorization. Ask your healthcare provider if TPOXX is right for you. 

    You’re eligible to get mpox vaccine if you:

    1. Had a high-risk exposure to a person diagnosed with mpox.
      OR
    2. Are a sex worker of any gender or sexual orientation.
      OR
    3. Are a gay, bisexual or other man or transgender person who has sex with men AND at least 1 of the following applies to you:
    • Had multiple sex partners in the past 3 months.
    • Had gonorrhea or syphilis in the past year.
    • Used methamphetamine in the past month.
    • Attended a bathhouse or public sex venue in the past 3 months.
    • Homeless or in unstable housing AND staying in a congregate setting.
    • Exchanged sex for money, drugs or other purposes in the past 3 months.
    • Incarcerated in the past 3 months.
    • Black, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, Asian, Indigenous, American Indian or Alaska Native.

    We continue to advocate for more vaccine. We expect to get more soon. When we do, we will expand eligibility and access.

    If you don’t have a healthcare provider or insurance and need to get tested or treated for mpox, call us at (253) 649-1412.

    If you have monkeypox or are a household contact of somebody who does, practice good hygiene. Use an alcohol-based rub or wash your hands with soap and hot water after you touch:

    • Rash material.
    • Clothes.
    • Linens.
    • Surfaces that might’ve been in contact with rash material. 

    Mumps FAQs

    The classic sign for mumps is painful swelling under one or both ears along the jaw line. The swelling is in the salivary glands, also called parotid glands.

    It is a disease caused by a virus. It typically starts with:

    • Fever.
    • Headache.
    • Muscle aches.
    • Tiredness.
    • Loss of appetite. 

    Most people with mumps get well in a few weeks. Some people with mumps may have a mild illness or may not even know they have the disease. 

    Other viruses besides mumps virus can cause swelling of the parotid glands. Special tests are needed to diagnose mumps.

    However, mumps can occasionally cause serious health problems. These health problems can include:

    • Swelling of the testicles.
    • Swelling of the brain or spinal cord.
    • Deafness.
    • Inflammation of the ovaries.

    Mumps spreads by coughing, sneezing, or spraying saliva while talking. It also spreads by sharing cups, spoons, forks, baby bottles and other utensils. Mumps can spread if someone who has mumps goes to a place where many people are gathered.

    • Babies younger than 1 year old.
    • Children over 1 year of age who have not received at least 1 dose of mumps vaccine (MMR vaccine).
    • Adults born in or after 1957 who have not been vaccinated or have not had mumps before.
    • During outbreaks, immunized people who have close contact with people who have mumps may become infected. A third dose of mumps vaccine may be recommended during outbreaks

    If you’ve had mumps before, you are generally considered immune and do not need the vaccine. People born before 1957 are also often considered immune.

    For more information, visit the CDC’s Mumps webpage.

    Call your doctor if you or your child has the signs of mumps. They include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite and swollen cheeks or jaw.

    Stay home and away from other people until you can see a doctor. Don’t go to work or school. Stay away from family as much as possible so they don’t get sick. People with mumps can spread the disease for five or more days after getting swollen cheeks or jaw. 

    • Get two doses of mumps vaccine (included in the MMR vaccine).
    • Stay away from anyone who has mumps.
    • Wash your hands often with soap and water.
    • Don’t share cups, spoons, forks, baby bottles and other utensils.

    Pertussis FAQs

    It is spread when an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes. Babies often get it from family members or care givers who do not know they are sick. Infected people, if left untreated, can spread it for several weeks.

    Symptoms usually begin 5-10 days after being exposed to a contagious person. Pertussis typically starts with mild cold symptoms. Then it turns into severe coughing fits followed by gagging, vomiting or a “whoop” sound. Babies may eat poorly, turn blue or stop breathing. Newborns are most at risk.

    Everyone should be concerned about pertussis. It can make kids and adults very sick. But pertussis is most common, and often most severe, in babies and toddlers. If you’re often around babies or toddlers, make sure you’re vaccinated.

    If you think you might have pertussis, call your healthcare provider. They can take a nose swab and have it tested for pertussis. Stay away from other people until you know you’re not contagious.

    A person with pertussis is contagious until they have taken an antibiotic for 5 full days. They should not return to childcare, school or work until they have taken an antibiotic for 5 full days.

    Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent pertussis.

    • Kids should be vaccinated at 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 12-18 months, 4-6 years and 11 years.
    • Unvaccinated adults should be vaccinated.
    • Pregnant people should be vaccinated during each pregnancy (at 27-36 weeks gestation). Vaccine given during pregnancy protects the baby until they can be vaccinated at 2 months. This is very important because most babies who die of pertussis are only a few weeks old.
    • People who care for babies under 1 year old (like childcare providers or grandparents) should be vaccinated.

    Call your healthcare provider. Or see our kids’ immunization or adults’ immunization pages for pharmacies and other locations that give vaccinations. Some locations may offer free or low-cost vaccination.

    Tuberculosis FAQs

    People with active TB usually have one or more of these symptoms:

    • Unexplained cough for three or more weeks.
    • Coughing up blood.
    • Fever.
    • Unexplained night sweats.
    • Unexplained fatigue.
    • Unexplained weight loss.

    People with latent TB infection (LTBI) are infected with TB bacteria but their immune system has kept it under control. People with latent TB are not sick and cannot infect other people. Yet, people with latent TB can develop active TB at any time and should talk to their healthcare provider about treatment. 

    Bacteria causes tuberculosis, and antibiotics can cure it. The two stages of TB are infection and disease. 

    People with active TB have been infected with TB bacteria and their immune system is no longer able to control it. People may become very sick and die without treatment. TB bacteria can infect any part of the body and cause disease, but most people who get TB will have it in their lungs. A person with active TB in the lungs or throat can spread the bacteria to others when they cough, laugh, sneeze, sing or shout.

    Anyone exposed to a person with TB can become infected but TB is not easily spread. Spreading TB requires spending long periods of time in a closed space, such as a house with all the windows shut. TB is common in many parts of the world, and about one-third of the world’s population is infected with TB bacteria. TB is not common in the United States, Washington State, or Pierce County.

    People at most risk for TB exposure are:

    • People who were born in or travel to areas of the world where TB is common. TB is widespread in Central and South America, Eastern Europe, Africa and Asia.
    • People who live or work in crowded areas such as shelters, nursing homes, treatment centers or jails. This happens because someone who is sick can spread TB to others in closed spaces.
    • People who work in healthcare.
    • People who live with someone with active TB.
    • People with HIV/AIDS.
    • People recently exposed to someone with TB.
    • Children less than 4 years of age.
    • People with diabetes, lung disease, kidney disease, cancer, organ transplants, or other conditions that weaken the immune system.
    • People who are underweight or take medications that lower immune system function.
    • People who smoke tobacco.

    The two types of tests for TB infection are:

    • a skin test (TST).
    • a blood test.

    For a skin test, medical staff inject a very small amount of test liquid (not TB bacteria) into a person’s arm. Medical staff then read the test 2-3 days later by looking for a reaction.

    For a TB blood test, you will have blood drawn. It requires only one visit and the results usually are available within one week.

    Talk to your healthcare provider about the test. Many clinics and provider offices can do the testing. Call the provider first to see if you need to schedule an appointment and the cost of the test. If you do not have a regular provider, please go to one of the clinics listed but call first for pricing information. 

    If you are concerned that you have been exposed to TB, contact your healthcare provider or the health department.

    Your healthcare provider can test you for TB. If the test is positive, you need a chest x-ray and physical exam to make sure you are not sick with TB. People with a positive test, no TB symptoms and a negative physical exam do not have TB disease. They are infected with TB but are not contagious.

    If your provider says you are infected with TB, they will talk with you about taking antibiotics to kill the TB bacteria.

    Washington State Law requires healthcare providers to report all cases of active TB to the local health department. Health department staff work with all patients who have active TB to make sure they get treatment to cure the disease.

    We do not vaccinate against TB in the United States. In countries where TB is common, many children receive BCG vaccine. This vaccine works well to prevent infants and children from dying of TB. However, it wears off over time and doesn’t protect children or adults from becoming infected with TB.

    West Nile Virus FAQs

    West Nile virus is almost always spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected after feeding on birds that carry the virus. There is no evidence that West Nile virus can be spread by direct contact with infected people or animals.

    Symptoms of West Nile virus include headache, fever, muscle and joint aches, swollen lymph nodes and a rash. Symptoms usually develop 2 to 14 days after an infected mosquito bites you. Those with more severe symptoms—like severe headache, stiff neck or confusion—should get medical attention.

    Health officials have not seen any cases of West Nile virus in Pierce County among people, birds or horses. West Nile activity typically shows up early to mid-August. People should take steps to control mosquito populations and prevent exposure to bites.

    It only takes one bite to acquire the virus from an infected mosquito, and West Nile virus can pose a health threat to anyone exposed. But less than 1 percent of people infected with the virus will develop severe illness. Some are at higher risk of severe disease, including people 60 years old or older, those with compromised immune systems or underlying medical conditions.

    Drain, dress and repel.

    You can take simple steps to avoid mosquito bites and reduce mosquito breeding sites around your home.

    • Drain and routinely empty anything that holds water, like gutters, pet bowls, tires, bird baths at least twice a week. Keep water moving in ornamental ponds by recirculating water or by installing a fountain.
    • Dress in long-sleeved shirts and long pants, especially at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active.
    • If outdoors, use mosquito repellent where mosquitoes are active.

    Use properly fitted door and window screens and stay indoors around dawn and dusk.

    The most effective mosquito repellents contain the active ingredient of DEET (N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide), picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus, PMD the synthesized version of oil of lemon eucalyptus, or 2-undecanone. These active ingredients typically offer long-lasting protection against mosquito bites. Repellents come in lotions, creams, gels, sprays, and towelettes.

    You must use mosquito repellents properly. Read and follow instructions on the label. Don’t over use repellents.

    West Nile virus infects a variety of wild birds. Of those birds infected, crows, jays, ravens, magpies, and raptors, such as hawks and owls tend to become sick and die. Increasing numbers of dead birds may be an indication of West Nile virus in your community.

    Washington State Department of Health tests birds request by local health departments and tracks where tested birds are found. The agency, however, no longer tracks public reporting of dead birds. In recent years, monitoring of mosquitoes has proven to be a more reliable indication of current West Nile virus activity.

    Dispose of the dead bird safely. Don’t handle it with your bare hands. Use gloves or an inverted plastic bag to place the bird in a garbage bag, and dispose in your outdoor garbage can.

    You can report dead birds to Department of Fish & Wildlife, Report Observations of Dead Wildlife. They investigate the cause of death involving large wild bird die-offs, including suspected diseases such as West Nile virus.

    West Nile virus can cause serious illness in horses, mules, and donkeys. Though most horses that become infected will not get sick, about 1 in 3 horses infected will die. To protect your horse, ask your veterinarian about the West Nile virus vaccine. West Nile virus can infect dogs and cats, but it is rare.

    Zika FAQs

    Mosquitoes not found in Washington spread the Zika virus. In healthy adults and children, Zika usually causes very mild illness. Some people don’t have symptoms at all. But if a pregnant woman catches the virus, Zika can cause severe birth defects. Very rarely, people who contract Zika have more serious illnesses affecting the brain and nervous system (such as Guillain-Barre syndrome).

    Zika virus is usually a very mild illness with mild symptoms lasting several days to a week including:

    • Fever.
    • Rash.
    • Joint pain.
    • Red eyes.

    Some people don’t have any symptoms. 

    • Mosquitoes not found in Washington State spread the virus.
    • From a mother to her unborn baby.
    • Unprotected sex with someone who has Zika.
    • Blood Transfusion.

    For a current list of countries and areas with risk of Zika, see the CDC’s Areas with Risk of Zika webpage.

    Long-Term Care Facility FAQs

    Test when you feel sick. COVID-19 has a wide range of symptoms. If you are not feeling well, get tested as soon as possible. 

    Find a COVID-19 test site near you and learn more about COVID-19 testing and at Washington State Department of Health

    While no longer required, face masks help prevent the spread of disease. Many in our community will choose to continue to wear masks to protect the health of themselves and those around them. We encourage everyone to respect the decisions of those around you, and to follow the best public health practices for you and your family.

    Back to School Wellness FAQs

    Yes! Vaccination is the most important thing you can do to protect your child’s health—not just today, but for many years to come. We no longer see many cases of certain diseases because of vaccination, like measles. You can still get sick but vaccine helps protect from serious cases and hospitalization, like flu, COVID-19, and mumps.

    Yes. Vaccines are very safe. Currently, the United States has the safest vaccine supply in its history. Our long-standing vaccine safety system ensures they are as safe as possible. Millions of children safely receive vaccines each year. Every vaccine follows the same process to get approval. Even COVID-19 vaccines went through all the steps for approval. Funding support allowed them to move through the process quickly.

    Yes. Children pick up more antigens from daily activities than they get from vaccines. Their immune systems are used to this and can handle it. During testing, they make sure vaccines are safe to give at the same time as other approved vaccines. A lot of research goes into when children should get vaccines to make sure they get them before they are at highest risk. For example, we give Tdap to pregnant people and during infancy because whooping cough can be very dangerous for small babies.

    It is impossible for most vaccines to give you the disease. This is because they use only parts or dead bacteria or virus to make vaccine. This is how we make hepatitis B, flu, and polio vaccine to name a few. COVID-19 vaccine also can’t give you the disease. It uses mRNA which teaches your cells to make a part of the virus so it can learn to defend against it. The mRNA quickly degrades in the cell leaving just the protection your body made!

    A few vaccines do use weakened versions of the virus and could cause the disease. But it is rare. If it does happen, the disease is much less severe than getting infected otherwise. MMR and varicella are 2 examples of this vaccine type.

    Some vaccine-preventable diseases, like pertussis (whooping cough) and chickenpox, remain common in the United States. Other diseases are no longer common here because of vaccines, like polio and rubella. But, the COVID-19 pandemic showed we are a global society and how quickly diseases can spread. If they don’t have all their vaccinations, children can become seriously sick with a disease and spread it through a community.

    No. Many studies and reviews continue to show no relationship between vaccines and autism. Some of these studies have lasted over a decade.

    This varies by vaccine. For example:

    • For COVID-19, shingles and flu, we recommend getting the vaccine. COVID-19 vaccine provides stronger immunity and reduces risk of severe illness after reinfection. Flu vaccine adjusts every year to account for virus changes.
    • For a vaccine like chickenpox, a confirmed case by a doctor provides immunity. Ask your doctor if you have questions about other vaccines and diseases.

    Most side effects are well documented and appear within 8 weeks. Many studies show vaccines do not cause disorders like autism, multiple sclerosis, or type 1 diabetes. COVID-19 vaccine may be newer, but mRNA vaccines are not. They are part of ongoing research for cancer, Zika, flu and rabies. The mRNA in the COVID-19 vaccine is gone from the body within 24 hours.

    Rare cases of myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) and pericarditis (inflammation of the outer lining of the heart) have been reported after children and teens got COVID-19 vaccine. Although a serious issue, most myocarditis cases caused by vaccine resolve quickly with little medical intervention. Myocarditis is more common after getting a COVID-19 infection.

    Vaccines are recommended and needed throughout our lives to protect against serious diseases. Protection from some childhood vaccines wears off over time, boosters extend that protection. You need protection from more diseases as the risk of exposure increases, like for meningococcal. You need other vaccines more frequently because of viral mutations, like flu.

    mpox en español

    Si tiene una erupción reciente, llagas o algún otro síntoma:

    • Evite el sexo o el contacto íntimo.
    • Comuníquese con su proveedor de servicios médicos. Recuérdeles que el MPV puede estar circulando en la comunidad.
    • Los resultados pueden tardar algunos días. Continúe aislándose de los demás mientras espera.
    • No necesita visitar la sala de emergencias a menos que esté gravemente enfermo.

    Si no tiene un proveedor de servicios médicos o seguro médico y necesita hacerse la prueba o recibir tratamiento para la MPV, llámenos al (253) 649-1412.

    Su seguro debe cubrir las pruebas. Si no cuenta con seguro y necesita hacerse la prueba de la MPV, llámenos al (253) 649-1412.

    La mayoría de las personas se recuperan de la viruela del mono por sí solas sin tratamiento. Los antivirales pueden ayudar si cumple con los criterios para el tratamiento. Su proveedor de servicios médicos lo ayudará a decidir el tratamiento adecuado.

    Evite las relaciones sexuales o las actividades íntimas con cualquier persona hasta después de hablar con un proveedor de servicios médicos. Quédese en casa y aíslese de otras personas en su hogar. Si no puede aislarse completamente de otras personas en su hogar o debe salir de casa, utilice un cubrebocas y evite el contacto físico.

    Si la exposición cumple con los criterios de los CDC para el contacto cercano de riesgo alto o intermedio, evite el contacto físico prolongado durante 21 días.

    Esté atento a los síntomas. Si los tiene, comience su período de aislamiento. Puede reducir el riesgo de síntomas graves si comienza la serie de vacunación dentro de los 4 días posteriores a la exposición. Comuníquese con su proveedor de servicios médicos o llámenos al (253) 649-1412 para verificar si usted es elegible.

    Dígales que hablen con su proveedor de servicios médicos para hacerse la prueba. Deben aislarse en casa hasta que obtengan los resultados.

    La demanda de la vacuna contra la MPV es alta y el suministro de la misma por parte del CDC sigue siendo limitado.

    Estamos trabajando con farmacias, proveedores de servicios médicos y socios comunitarios que brindan servicios de manera rutinaria a personas con alto riesgo de exposición para obtener la vacuna contra la MPV para aquellos que más la necesitan. 

    Obtenga más información en nuestra página de vacunas contra la MPV.

    Si. Obtenga más información en nuestra página sobre las vacunas contra la MPV.

    La viruela del mono casi siempre se contraída por contacto físico prolongado con la piel de una persona que está enferma. Se contagia de manera más eficiente si usted tiene llagas de viruela del mono abiertas o con costra sobre la piel, pero también se puede contagiar a través de los fluidos corporales.

    Un número muy pequeño de casos actuales se transmitieron a través de la inhalación del virus (más comúnmente en viviendas compartidas o entornos de servicios médicos) o posiblemente a través de la ropa o las superficies. La transmisión en el hogar o en entornos de servicios médicos es muy poco común.

    El COVID-19 sigue siendo una amenaza para la salud mucho más común que la viruela del mono en el condado de Pierce. Si usted toma el tipo de precauciones que mantienen al COVID en riesgo bajo (evitar grandes reuniones, usar cubrebocas en lugares públicos y mantener una buena higiene al lavarse las manos), su riesgo de contraer viruela del mono en la comunidad es muy bajo.

    Si tiene seguro médico, éste debe cubrir la vacuna. Si no tiene seguro o tiene un seguro insuficiente, podemos referirlo a alguna clínica que le proporcionará una dosis sin costo alguno.

    No por el momento. Tenemos una cantidad limitada disponible en el condado de Pierce para contactos cercanos altos e intermedios. Le notificaremos si es elegible y le ayudaremos a encontrar una dosis.

    Esperamos obtener más vacunas y esperamos pronto ampliar la elegibilidad a las poblaciones en riesgo. Estamos coordinando la distribución de la vacuna con farmacias y proveedores.

    Sí. Un nuevo medicamento llamado TPOXX trata la viruela del mono. Solo está disponible a través de la autorización de uso de emergencia. Consulte a su proveedor de servicios médicos si TPOXX es adecuado para usted.

    Usted es elegible para recibir la vacuna contra la MPV si:

    • Tuvo alguna exposición de alto riesgo a una persona diagnosticada con MPV. 
      O
    • Es un(a) trabajador(a) sexual de cualquier género u orientación sexual. 
      O
    • Es un hombre gay, bisexual u hombre o persona transgénero que tiene relaciones sexuales con hombres Y al menos uno (1) de los siguientes casos que aplique a usted:
      • Tuvo múltiples parejas sexuales en los últimos 3 meses.
      • Tuvo gonorrea o sífilis en el último año.
      • Consumió metanfetamina en el último mes.
      • Asistió a una casa de baños o lugar de sexo público en los últimos 3 meses.
      • Persona sin hogar o con viviendas inestables Y residiendo en algún entorno con aglomeraciones.
      • Intercambió sexo por dinero, drogas u otros fines en los últimos 3 meses.
      • Estuvo encarcelado en los últimos 3 meses.
      • Es persona negra, hispana, latina, nativa hawaiana, isleña del Pacífico, asiática, indígena, india americana o nativa de Alaska.

    Seguimos abogando por más vacunas. Esperamos obtener más pronto. Cuando lo hagamos, ampliaremos la elegibilidad y el acceso.

    Si no tiene un proveedor de servicios médicos o seguro médico y necesita hacerse la prueba o recibir tratamiento para la MPV, llámenos al (253) 649-1412.

    Si tiene síntomas o la prueba es positiva, quédese en casa y aíslese de otras personas en su hogar. Si no puede aislarse por completo, use un cubrebocas si convive con otras personas y evite el contacto físico.

    El virus no se transmite fácilmente entre las personas, pero puede transmitirse a través del contacto con:

    • Las erupciones, llagas o fluidos corporales de áreas infectadas.
    • Los artículos que hubieran tocado fluidos corporales o llagas como la ropa, la ropa de cama, etc.
    • Las gotitas de la respiración después de un contacto prolongado cara a cara.

    No sabemos si la viruela del mono puede propagarse a través de la saliva, el semen o los fluidos vaginales.

    Si tiene viruela del mono o es una persona de contacto en casa de alguien enfermo(a), practique una buena higiene. Use un sanitizante con base de alcohol o lávese las manos con jabón y agua caliente después de tocar los siguientes objetos:

    • Material de las erupciones.
    • Ropa.
    • Sábanas o toallas.
    • Superficies que podrían haber estado en contacto con material de las erupciones.

    Preguntas frecuentes

    Algunas enfermedades que se previenen con las vacunas, como la tos ferina y la varicela, todavía son comunes en los Estados Unidos. Otras enfermedades ya no lo son, gracias a las vacunas como la de la polio y la rubeola. Sin embargo, la pandemia del COVID-19 nos mostró que somos una sociedad global y lo rápido que puede propagarse una enfermedad. Si los niños no tienen todas sus vacunas, se pueden enfermar de gravedad y propagar la enfermedad en su comunidad.

    No. Muchos estudios y análisis continúan mostrando que no existe ninguna relación entre las vacunas y el autismo. Algunos de estos estudios han durado más de una década.

    Es imposible que se contagie de alguna enfermedad con la mayoría de las vacunas. Esto se debe a que para fabricar la vacuna solo se usan bacteria o virus muertos o solo parte de dichos organismos Así se fabrican las vacunas contra la hepatitis B, la influenza y la polio, para nombrar algunos pocos. La vacuna contra el COVID-19 tampoco puede transmitir la enfermedad. Utiliza un ARNm que enseña a sus células a producir una parte del virus, para poder aprender a defenderse de él. ¡El ARNm se degrada rápidamente en la célula dejando solo la protección que su cuerpo produjo!

    Algunas pocas vacunas utilizan versiones debilitadas del virus y podrían causar la enfermedad. Pero esto es poco frecuente. Si esto pasa, la enfermedad es mucho menos grave que adquirir la infección de otra manera. Las vacunas contra la varicela y MMR son dos ejemplos de este tipo de vacuna.

    Esto varía según la vacuna. Por ejemplo:

    • Para el COVID-19, el herpes zóster y la influenza, recomendamos que se apliquen la vacuna. La vacuna contra el COVID-19 proporciona mayor inmunidad y reduce el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedad grave después de la infección. La vacuna contra la influenza se ajusta cada año para incluir los cambios en el virus.
    • Para las vacunas como la de la varicela, un caso confirmado por un médico proporciona inmunidad. Hable con su médico si tiene preguntas acerca de otras vacunas y enfermedades.

    Las vacunas son recomendadas y necesarias a lo largo de nuestra vida para protegernos contra enfermedades graves. La protección de algunas vacunas infantiles desaparece con el tiempo, los refuerzos amplían esa protección. Necesita protección contra más enfermedades a medida que aumenta el riesgo de exposición, como al meningococo. Necesita otras vacunas con más frecuencia debido a mutaciones virales, como la influenza.

    Sí. Los niños adquieren más antígenos de las actividades diarias que de las vacunas. Su sistema inmunitario está acostumbrado a esto y puede manejarlo. Durante las pruebas, se aseguran de que las vacunas sean seguras para administrarlas al mismo tiempo con otras autorizadas. Muchas investigaciones se dirigen hacia cuándo se deben administrar las vacunas a los niños, para asegurarse de que las reciban antes de que estén en mayor riesgo. Por ejemplo, administramos las Tdap a las personas embarazadas y durante la infancia porque la tos ferina puede ser muy peligrosa para los bebés pequeños.

    ¡Sí! La vacunación es lo más importante que puede hacer para proteger la salud de sus hijos, no solo en el presente sino durante su larga vida. Gracias a la vacunación, ya no vemos muchos casos de ciertas enfermedades, como el sarampión. Todavía puede enfermarse, pero la vacuna ayuda a proteger de los casos graves, las hospitalizaciones, por casos de influenza, COVID-19 y paperas.

    Sí. Las vacunas son muy seguras. Actualmente, los Estados Unidos tiene el suministro de vacunas más seguras de la historia. Nuestro sistema de seguridad de vacunas de larga data garantiza que sean lo más seguras posible. Millones de niños reciben vacunas de manera segura cada año. Cada vacuna sigue el mismo proceso para obtener la aprobación. Incluso las vacunas contra el COVID-19 pasaron por todos los pasos para su aprobación. El apoyo financiero les permitió avanzar rápidamente en el proceso.

    La mayoría de los efectos secundarios están documentados y aparecen en un período de 8 semanas. Muchos estudios muestran que las vacunas no causan trastornos como el autismo, la esclerosis múltiple ni la diabetes tipo 1. La vacuna contra el COVID-19 puede ser más reciente, pero las vacunas de ARNm no lo son. Son parte de investigaciones en curso contra el cáncer, el zika, la influenza y la rabia. El ARNm en la vacuna contra el COVID-19 desaparece del cuerpo en un período de 24 horas.

    Se reportaron casos poco comunes de miocarditis (inflamación del músculo cardíaco) y pericarditis (inflamación del recubrimiento externo del corazón) después de que los niños y adolescentes recibieron la vacuna contra el COVID-19. Aunque es un problema grave, la mayoría de los casos de miocarditis causados por la vacuna se resolvieron rápidamente con poca intervención médica La miocarditis es más común después de contraer una infección por COVID-19.

    Mga madalas itanong

    Ang mga bakuna ay inirerekumenda at kailangan sa buong buhay natin para makaprotekta laban sa mga malulubhang sakit. Ang proteksyon mula sa mga bakuna na ibinigay noong bata pa ay nawawala rin paglipas ng panahon, at pinahahaba ng mga booster ang proteksyong iyon. Kailangan mo ng proteksyon mula sa mas maraming sakit habang mas tumataas ang panganib ng exposure, tulad ng para sa meningococcal. Mas kailangan mo ang iba pang mga bakuna nang mas madalas dahil sa mga pagbabago sa virus, tulad ng sa trangkaso.

    Nag-iiba-iba ito depende sa bakuna. Halimbawa:

    • Para sa COVID-19, shingles at trangkaso, inirerekumenda naming magpabakuna. Ang bakuna laban sa COVID-19 ay nagbibigay ng mas malakas na immunity at binabawasan ang panganib ng malubhang sakit pagkatapos muling mahawa. Ang bakuna laban sa trangkaso ay iniiba taon-taon para maisaalang-alang ang mga pagbabago sa virus.
    • Para sa bakuna na tulad ng sa bulutong-tubig, ang isang kumpirmadong kaso ng isang doktor ay nagbibigay ng immunity. Konsultahin ang inyong doktor kung may mga tanong ka tungkol sa iba pang mga bakuna at sakit.

    Ang ilang sakit na maiiwasan sa pamamagitan ng bakuna, tulad ng pertussis (ubong-dalahit) at bulutong-tubig, ay nananatiling karaniwan sa Estados Unidos. Ang ibang mga sakit ay hindi na karaniwan dahil sa mga bakuna, tulad ng polyo at rubella. Ngunit, ipinakita ng pandemya ng COVID-19 na tayo ay isang pandaigdigang lipunan at kung gaano kabilis kumalat ang mga sakit. Kung wala ang mga bata ng lahat ng pagbabakuna, maaari silang magkasakit nang malubha at ikalat ito sa pamamagitan ng komunidad.

    Oo. Labis na ligtas ang mga bakuna. Sa kasalukuyan, taglay ng Estados Unidos ang pinakaligtas na suplay ng bakuna sa kasaysayan nito. Ang ating matagal nang sistema ng kaligtasan ng mga bakuna ay nagtitiyak na ligtas ang mga ito sa pinakamalawak na saklaw na maaari. Milyon-milyong bata ang ligtas na nakakatanggap ng mga bakuna bawat taon. Dumadaan ang bawat bakuna sa parehong proseso para makakuha ng pag-aapruba. Kahit ang mga bakuna laban sa COVID-19 ay nagdaan sa lahat ng hakbang para sa pag-apruba. Ang suporta sa pagpopondo ang nagpahintulot sa kanila na umusad sa proseso nang mabilis.

    Oo. Nakakakuha ang mga bata ng mas maraming antigen mula sa mga pang-araw-araw na aktibidad kaysa sa nakukuha nila mula sa mga bakuna. Sanay ang mga immune system nila rito at makakaya ito. Sa panahon ng pag-test, tinitiyak nila na ligtas ang mga bakuna na ibigay kasabay ng iba pang naaprubahang bakuna. Maraming pananaliksik ang isinasagawa sa kung kailan dapat makatanggap ang mga bata ng bakuna upang matiyak na makuha nila ang mga ito bago sila nasa pinakamataas nang panganib. Halimbawa, ibinibigay namin ang Tdap sa mga buntis at sa mga sanggol dahil ang ubong-dalahit ay napakamapanganib para sa maliliit na sanggol.

    Imposible para sa karamihan ng mga bakuna na bigyan ka ng sakit na nilalabanan nito. Ito ay dahil gumagamit lang sila ng mga parte o patay na bacteria o virus para gawin ang bakuna. Ganito kung paano namin ginagawa ang bakuna laban sa hepatitis B, trangkaso, at polyo upang pangalanan ang ilan. Ang bakuna laban sa COVID-19 ay hindi rin makapagbibigay sa iyo ng sakit na ito. Gumagamit ito ng mRNA na nagtuturo sa iyong mga cell na gumawa ng bahagi ng virus para matuto itong magprotekta laban dito. Mabilis na nadedegrade ang mRNA sa cell at nag-iiwan lang ng proteksyon na ginawa ng iyong katawan!

    Ang ilan sa mga bakuna ay gumagamit ng mas mahinang bersyon ng virus at maaaring magdulot ng sakit na iyon. Ngunit napakadalang nito. Kung mangyari man ito, ang sakit ay hindi na kasing-lubha ng magkasakit nito nang wala ang nasabing bakuna. Ang MMR at varicella ay 2 halimbawa ng uri ng bakunang ito.

    Oo! Ang pagbabakuna ang pinakamahalagang bagay na magagawa ninyo para protektahan ang kalusugan ng inyong anak’hindi lang ngayon, kundi sa maraming taon pang darating. Hindi na natin nakikita ang maraming kaso ng ilang partikular na sakit dahil sa pagbabakuna, tulad ng tigdas. Maaari ka pa ring magkasakit pero pinoprotektahan ka ng bakuna mula sa malubhang kaso at pagkakaospital, tulad ng sa trangkaso, COVID-19, at beke.

    Wala. Maraming mga pag-aaral ang patuloy na nagpapakita na walang ugnayan sa pagitan ng mga bakuna at autism. Ang ilan sa mga pag-aaral na ito ay tumagal nang higit sa isang dekada.

    Ang karamihan sa mga side effect ay nadokumento nang husto at lumilitaw sa loob ng 8 linggo. Maraming pag-aaral ang nagpapakita na hindi nagdudulot ng mga problemang tulad ng autismo, multiple sclerosis, o type 1 diabetes ang mga bakuna. Ang bakuna laban sa COVID-19 ay maaaring mas bago, pero ang mga bakunang gumagamit ng mRNA ay hindi. Bahagi ang mga ito ng patuloy na pananaliksik para sa kanser, Zika, trangkaso at rabies. Ang mRNA sa bakuna laban sa COVID-19 ay nawawala sa katawan sa loob ng 24 na oras.

    Naiulat ang madalang na mga kaso ng myocarditis (pamamaga ng kalamnan ng puso) at pericarditis (pamamaga ng panlabas na lining ng puso) pagkatapos mabigyan ang mga bata at teenager ng bakuna laban sa COVID-19. Bagaman ito ay malubhang isyu, ang karamihan sa mga kaso ng myocarditis na dulot ng bakuna ay gumagaling nang mabilis sa tulong ng napakakaunting paggagamot. Mas karaniwan ang myocarditis pagkatapos magkasakit ng COVID-19.

    Fesili fai soo

    O le tele o itu ‘a’afia e faamaumauina lelei ma faaalia mai i totonu ole 8 vaiaso. O le tele o suesuega ua iloa ai e le mafua i ni tui ia ma’i e pei o le autism, tele o faama’i i le faiai, poo le ma’i suka type 1. E foliga i fou le tuipuipui mo le KOVITI-19, ae o le tuituipui mo le mRNA e leai. O ni vaega mo suesuega o loo faia pea mo le kanesa, Zika, Flu ma rabies. O le mRNA ile tuipuipui mo le KOVITI-19 ua alu ese mai ile tino i totonu ole 24 itula.

    O tulaga e seaea mo myocarditis (aafiaga o fatumaso) ma pericarditis (aafiaga o pito fafo ole fatu) ua lipotia mai ina ua uma tui puipui o le KOVITI-19 o tamaiti ma tupulaga. A’o iai tulaga o faafitauli matuia, ole tele o ituaiga myocarditis e aafia mai i tui, e faafoi vave lava i togafitiga laiti faafoma’i. E taatele atu le Myocarditis pea uma na aafia i le KOVITI-19.

    O Tui puipui e faamoemoe ma mana’omia tele I o tatou olaga mo le nofo puipuia mai fa’ama’i ogaoga. O puipuiga mai i tupuipui a tamaiti e faamuta ini taimi le tumau, ma ole tui ole booster ua faaauauina nei puipuiga. E te mana’omia puipuiga mai ile mau fa’ama’i
    E pei o aafiaga o galuega ‘ua faateteleina, pei ole meningococcal. E te mana’omia isi tupuipui e tele ona o suiga ta’atele, e pei ole ful?.

    Leai. Ole tele o suesuega ma galuega le faaauauina ole faailoa mai le leai ose sootaga o tui ma le autism. O nisi o nei suesuega o loo tumau pea mo se taimi umi.

    Ioe. E tele ina maua e tamaiti le mau sua oona (antigens) mai i galuega faatino i aso uma nai loo tuipuipui latou te maua. O le faasologa o lo latou saogalemu e faaogaina mo lea, ma e mafai foi ona faatino. I taimi o suesuega, latou te faamautinoa o loo sefe tui puipui o loo avatu i taimi tutusa e pei o isi tuipuipui ua faatagaina. O le tele o suesuega e suesue mai i taimi e fesiligia ai tamaiti pe fai ni tuipuipui e faamautinoa ai le faia a’o lei maualuga lo latou aafiaga. Fa’ataitaiga, matou te avatua Tdap mo e o loo ma’itaga, ma taimi amataga ona o tale tu’i e mafai ona leaga lona aafiaga mo pepe laiti.

    E eseese tulaga ia i le tui puipui. Mo le Fa’ataitaiga:

    • Mo le KOVITI-19, o le atiloto i le tino (shingles) ma le fulu, e manaomia le fai o tui puipui. Ole tui mo le KOVITI-19 ua faailoa mai le malolosi o puipuiga ma le faaitiitia o aafiaga o gasegase e aafia ai. Ole tui puipui mo le fulu e fetuutuuna’i i tausaga uma mo suiga o vairasi.
    • Mo se tui puipui e pei ole tanesusu, o ana fa’amaoniga mai ile foma’I e faailoa ona puipuiga. Fesili i lau fomai pea iai ni au fesili i nisi tuipuipui ma fa’ama’i.

    Ioe! Ole tuipuipui e aoga tele mole puipuiga ole ola soifua o lou alo, – e le mo na’o nei, ma e mo le tele o tausaga a sau. Ua tatou le toe matauina le tele o fa’ama’i ona o tui puipui, e pei ole misela. E mafai pea ona e ma’Ii ae o tui e fesoasoani e puipui ai oe mai tulaga matuia ma taofia ai i le falema’i, pei ole fulu, KOVITI-19 ma mami.

    E le mafai mo le mau tui puipui ona avatu ia te oe le faama’i. Ona latou te faaaogaina na’o vaega ma siama pepe, poo vairasi e fai ai tui puipui. E faapea ona tatou faia tui puipui e pei o le hepatitis B, Fulu, ma polio. O tui puipui mo le KOVITI-19 latou te l? avatu foi ia te oe se faama’i. E faaaogaina mRNA na te a’otauina sela o lou tino, e fai ai vaega ole vairasi e mafai ai ona tete’e atu. Ole mRNA e vave leaga i totonu o sela mole puipuiga o mea o loo gaosi i lou tino!

    O ni isi o tui latou te faaogaina ituaiga vaivai ole vairasi ma aafia ai le fa’ama’i. Ma e le ta’atele. Afai ae tupu, ole faama’I e faaititia lona numera nai loo le aafiaga. MMR ma le varicella o ni faataitaiga e 2 o ituaiga o tuipuipui.

    Ioe. O tui puipui e ese le saogalemu. I le taimi nei, o le Iunaite Setete o loo iai le tulaga pito sili ona saogalemu mo le sapalai o tui i le tala faasolopito. Ole tatou faataatiaga mo tulaga saogalemu o tuipuipui e faamaonia le sefe pei ona tatau ai. O le miliona o tamaiti latou te mauaina tui ma le saogalemu i tausaga taitasi. O tui uma latou te mulimuli i galuega fai mo faamaoniga. E oo foi ile tui mole KOVITI-19 na oo uma lava ile faatulagana mo faamaoniga. O tupe fesoasoani e vave ona faagaioi ai mea o mana’omia mole galuega.

    O nisi o tui puipui mo fa’amai, e pei o pertussis (tale mamafa) ma tanesusu, o loo tumau pea lona taatele ile setete o Amerika. O isi o faama’i ua le toe taatele i nei ona o tui puipui, e pei ole polio ma le rubella. Ae, ole fa’ama’i o le KOVITI-19 ua faailoa mai o tatou ole lalolagi ma le vave ona pipisi ole faama’i. A fai e le maua uma ni o latou tui, e mafai ona maua tamaiti ile fa’ama’i ma pipisi atu ai i tua ile toatele.

    Các câu hỏi thường gặp

    Không. Nhiều nghiên cứu và đánh giá vẫn tiếp tục cho thấy không có mối quan hệ nào giữa vắc xin và chứng tự kỷ. Trong đó có một số nghiên cứu đã kéo dài hơn một thập kỷ.

    Có. Trẻ em thu nạp nhiều kháng nguyên từ các hoạt động hàng ngày hơn so với lượng kháng nguyên các em nhận được từ vắc-xin. Hệ thống miễn dịch của các em đã quen với điều này và có thể xử lý nó. Trong quá trình thử nghiệm, các nhà khoa học đảm bảo vắc xin an toàn để chích cùng lúc với các loại vắc xin đã được phê duyệt khác. Rất nhiều nghiên cứu được tiến hành vào thời điểm trẻ nên chích vắc-xin để đảm bảo rằng trẻ được chích trước khi có nguy cơ mắc bệnh cao nhất. Ví dụ, chúng tôi chích Tdap cho người mang thai và trong thời kỳ sơ sinh vì bệnh ho gà có thể rất nguy hiểm cho trẻ nhỏ.

    Một số bệnh có thể phòng ngừa bằng vắc xin, như ho gà và thủy đậu, vẫn còn phổ biến ở Hoa Kỳ. Các bệnh khác không còn phổ biến vì đã có vắc xin, như bại liệt và rubella. Tuy nhiên, đại dịch COVID-19 cho thấy chúng ta là một xã hội toàn cầu và dịch bệnh có thể lây lan nhanh chóng như thế nào. Nếu không chích phòng đầy đủ, trẻ em có thể bị bệnh nặng và lây lan qua cộng đồng.

    Hầu hết các tác dụng phụ đều được ghi nhận và xuất hiện trong vòng 8 tuần. Nhiều nghiên cứu cho thấy vắc-xin không gây ra các rối loạn như tự kỷ, đa xơ cứng hoặc tiểu đường loại 1. Vắc xin COVID-19 có thể mới hơn, nhưng vắc xin mRNA thì không. Chúng là một phần của nghiên cứu đang diễn ra đối với bệnh ung thư, Zika, cúm và bệnh dại. mRNA trong vắc-xin COVID-19 sẽ biến mất khỏi cơ thể trong vòng 24 giờ.

    Các trường hợp hiếm gặp về viêm cơ tim và viêm màng ngoài tim đã được báo cáo sau khi trẻ em và thanh thiếu niên được chích vắc xin COVID-19. Mặc dù là một vấn đề nghiêm trọng, nhưng hầu hết các trường hợp viêm cơ tim do vắc-xin đều được giải quyết nhanh chóng mà không cần can thiệp y tế. Viêm cơ tim phổ biến hơn sau khi bị nhiễm COVID-19.

    Vắc xin được khuyến khích và cần thiết trong suốt cuộc đời của chúng ta để bảo vệ chống lại các bệnh nghiêm trọng. Khả năng bảo vệ khỏi một số loại vắc-xin chích từ khi nhỏ sẽ mất dần hiệu lực theo thời gian, liều chích tăng cường sẽ kéo dài khả năng bảo vệ đó. Quý vị cần được bảo vệ khỏi nhiều bệnh hơn vì nguy cơ phơi nhiễm tăng lên, như đối với bệnh viêm màng não mô cầu. Quý vị cần các loại vắc xin khác thường xuyên hơn vì các đột biến của vi rút, chẳng hạn như cúm.

    Điều này khác nhau tùy theo loại vắc xin. Ví dụ:

    • Đối với COVID-19, bệnh zona và bệnh cúm, chúng tôi khuyên quý vị nên chích vắc xin. Vắc xin COVID-19 cung cấp khả năng miễn dịch mạnh hơn và giảm nguy cơ bệnh nặng sau khi tái nhiễm. Vắc xin cúm điều chỉnh hàng năm để tính đến những thay đổi của vi rút.
    • Đối với các vắc-xin như vắc-xin bệnh thủy đậu, một trường hợp được bác sĩ xác nhận là cung cấp khả năng miễn dịch. Hỏi bác sĩ nếu quý vị có thắc mắc về các loại vắc xin và các bệnh khác.

    Có. Vắc xin rất an toàn. Hiện tại, Hoa Kỳ có nguồn cung cấp vắc xin an toàn nhất trong lịch sử. Hệ thống an toàn vắc xin lâu đời của chúng ta đảm bảo vắc xin an toàn nhất có thể. Hàng triệu trẻ em được chích phòng an toàn mỗi năm. Mọi vắc xin đều tuân theo quy trình giống nhau để được phê duyệt. Ngay cả vắc xin COVID-19 cũng đã trải qua tất cả các bước để được phê duyệt. Hỗ trợ kinh phí cho phép vắc xin vượt qua quy trình một cách nhanh chóng.

    Hầu hết các loại vắc xin đều không thể truyền bệnh cho quý vị. Điều này là do chúng chỉ sử dụng các bộ phận hoặc vi khuẩn hoặc vi rút đã chết để chế tạo vắc xin. Đây là cách chúng tôi tạo ra vắc xin viêm gan B, cúm và bại liệt để đặt tên cho một số loại vắc xin. Vắc xin COVID-19 cũng không thể lây bệnh cho quý vị. Nó sử dụng mRNA có thể dạy các tế bào của quý vị tạo ra một phần virus nhằm học cách bảo vệ chống lại nó. mRNA nhanh chóng phân hủy trong tế bào và chỉ để lại khả năng bảo vệ mà cơ thể quý vị tạo ra!

    Một số loại vắc xin sử dụng các phiên bản vi rút đã suy yếu và có thể gây bệnh. Tuy nhiên trường hợp này hiếm. Nếu xảy ra, bệnh sẽ ít nghiêm trọng hơn nhiều so với khi bị nhiễm. MMR và varicella là 2 ví dụ về loại vắc xin này.

    Часто задаваемые вопросы

    Да. Вакцины отличаются высокой степенью безопасности. Сейчас в Соединенных Штатах применяется самый безопасный набор вакцин за всю историю. Благодаря нашей проверенной временем системе обеспечения безопасности вакцин они остаются настолько безопасными, насколько возможно. Миллионы детей безопасно вакцинируются каждый год. Все вакцины проходят один и тот же процесс сертификации. Даже вакцины от COVID-19 прошли все этапы этого процесса. Благодаря финансовой поддержке им удалось быстро пройти эту процедуру.

    Да! Вакцинация — это самое важное из того, что вы можете сделать для защиты здоровья вашего ребенка не только в настоящее время, но и на долгие годы вперед. Благодаря вакцинации мы больше не наблюдаем широкого распространения некоторых болезней, таких как корь. Вы все еще можете заболеть, но вакцина помогает защититься от госпитализации и тяжелого протекания таких заболеваний, как грипп, COVID-19 и паротит.

    Нет. многочисленные исследования и оценки продолжают демонстрировать то, что связь между прививками и аутизмом отсутствует. Некоторые из этих исследований проводились в течение более чем десяти лет.

    Заражение заболеванием в результате ввода большей части вакцин остается невозможным. Это обусловлено тем, что для изготовления вакцины используется только мертвые бактерии или вирусы, либо их части. Именно так производятся вакцины от гепатита B, гриппа и полиомиелита, и это далеко не полный перечень. Вакцина от COVID-19 также неспособна заразить вас этим заболеванием. В ней применяется мРНК, которая учит ваши клетки тому, как стать частью вируса, чтобы организм научился защищаться от него. Внутри клеток мРНК быстро разлагается, оставляя за собой лишь способность сопротивляться болезни!

    В некоторых вакцинах используются ослабленные версии вируса, и они могут вызвать заболевание. Однако, такие случаи редки. В ситуациях, когда это происходит, заболевание протекает намного легче, чем при заражении из других источников. Двумя примерами вакцин такого типа являются КПК и вакцина от ветряной оспы.

    Да. Дети получают больше антигенов от своей повседневной деятельности, чем от вакцин. Их иммунная система привычна к этому и может с этим справиться. В ходе тестирования вакцин проверяется возможность их введения в одно время с другими сертифицированными вакцинам. Возраст, в котором детям необходима вакцинация, определяется в ходе многочисленных исследований, позволяющих убедиться в том, что прививка сделана то того момента, когда опасность заболевания становится наибольшей. Так, к примеру, КДС вводится беременным и младенцам, потому что коклюш может оказаться очень опасным для маленьких детей.

    Вакцинироваться рекомендуется в течение всей нашей жизни для защиты от серьезных заболеваний. С течением времени защита, обеспечиваемая некоторыми введенными в детстве вакцинами, ослабевает, и для ее поддержания требуется ревакцинация. По мере возрастания опасности заражения, людям требуется защита от большего числа заболеваний, например, от менингококковых инфекций. Другие вакцины необходимо чаще вводить из-за мутаций вирусов, к примеру, вируса гриппа.

    Некоторые предотвращаемые вакцинами заболевания, такие как коклюш (судорожный кашель) и ветрянка, продолжают оставаться широко распространенными в Соединенных Штатах. Другие болезни, такие как полиомиелит и краснуха, теперь нечасто встречаются здесь благодаря вакцинации. Однако, пандемия COVID-19 показала, что мы являемся глобальным сообществом, и продемонстрировала, как быстро могут распространяться болезни. В отсутствие каких-либо прививок дети могут страдать серьезными заболеваниями и распространять их в своем сообществе.

    Это зависит от вакцины. Можно привести следующие примеры.

    • Прививки от COVID-19, опоясывающего лишая и гриппа рекомендуется сделать. Вакцина от COVID-19 обеспечивает повышенный иммунитет и снижает риск тяжелого протекания болезни после повторного заражения. Вакцина от гриппа ежегодно модифицируется, чтобы учесть изменения самого вируса.
    • Что касается таких вакцин, как вакцина от ветрянки, то подтвержденный врачом случай перенесенного заболевания обеспечивает соответствующий иммунитет. Проконсультируйтесь со своим врачом, если у вас остаются вопросы о вакцинации и заболеваниях.

    Большинство побочных эффектов точно задокументированы и проявляются в течение 8 недель. Многочисленные исследования показывают, что вакцины не вызывают таких нарушений, как аутизм, рассеянный склероз или диабет 1-го типа. Вакцина от COVID-19 может быть выпущена сравнительно недавно, но этого нельзя сказать о вакцинах на основе мРНК. Они являются частью непрекращающихся исследований онкологических заболеваний, вируса Зика, гриппа и бешенства. Имеющаяся в составе вакцины от COVID-19 мРНК исчезает из организма в течение 24 часов.

    После прививки от COVID-19 у детей и подростков были отмечены редкие случаи миокардита (воспаление сердечной мышцы) и перикардита (воспаление наружной оболочки сердца). Несмотря на то, что это является серьезной проблемой, большинство случаев вызванного вакциной миокардита было успешно излечено при незначительном медицинском вмешательстве. Миокардит является наиболее распространенным осложнением после заражения COVID-19.

    Часті питання

    Більшість побічних ефектів добре задокументовані та проявляються протягом 8 тижнів. Багато досліджень показують, що вакцини не викликають таких розладів, як аутизм, розсіяний склероз або діабет 1 типу. Вакцина проти COVID-19 може бути новішою, але мРНК-вакцини — ні. Вони є частиною поточних досліджень раку, вірусу Зіка, грипу та сказу. мРНК у вакцині проти COVID-19 виводиться з організму протягом 24 годин.

    Повідомлялося про рідкісні випадки міокардиту (запалення серцевого м’яза) і перикардиту (запалення зовнішньої оболонки серця) після того, як діти та підлітки отримали вакцину проти COVID-19. Незважаючи на те, що це серйозна проблема, більшість випадків міокардиту, спричинених вакциною, швидко вирішуються за допомогою невеликого медичного втручання. Міокардит частіше виникає після інфікування COVID-19.

    Так. Вакцини дуже безпечні. Наразі Сполучені Штати мають запаси найбезпечніших вакцин за всю свою історію. Наша багаторічна система безпеки вакцин гарантує, що вони максимально безпечні. Щороку мільйони дітей безпечно отримують вакцини. Для отримання схвалення кожна вакцина проходить однаковий процес. Навіть вакцини проти COVID-19 пройшли всі етапи схвалення. Фінансова підтримка дозволила їм швидко просуватися через процес.

    Так! Вакцинація — це найважливіше, що ви можете зробити, щоб захистити здоров’я своєї дитини, не тільки сьогодні, але й на багато років вперед. Завдяки вакцинації ми більше не спостерігаємо масових випадків певних захворювань, наприклад, кір. Ви все ще можете захворіти, але вакцина допомагає захистити від серйозних випадків і госпіталізації, таких як грип, COVID-19 і паротит.

    Деякі захворювання, яким можна запобігти за допомогою вакцинації, наприклад, коклюш і вітряна віспа, залишаються поширеними у Сполучених Штатах. Завдяки вакцинам тут більше не поширені інші хвороби, наприклад, поліомієліт і краснуха. Але пандемія COVID-19 показала, що ми є глобальним суспільством, а також показала, як швидко можуть поширюватися хвороби. У випадку відсутності усіх своїх щеплень діти можуть серйозно захворіти на хворобу та поширити її через громаду.

    Це залежить від вакцини. Наприклад:

    • Проти COVID-19, оперізуючого лишаю та грипу рекомендуємо зробити щеплення. Вакцина проти COVID-19 забезпечує міцніший імунітет і знижує ризик важких захворювань після повторного зараження. Щороку вакцина проти грипу коригується відповідно до змін вірусу.
    • Щодо вакцини проти вітряної віспи, підтверджений лікарем випадок забезпечує імунітет. Зверніться до свого лікаря, якщо у вас є запитання щодо інших вакцин і захворювань.

    Ні. Багато досліджень і оглядів продовжують демонструвати відсутність зв’язку між вакцинами та аутизмом. Деякі з цих досліджень тривали понад десятиліття.

    Так. Діти отримують більше антигенів під час повсякденної діяльності, ніж вони отримують від вакцин. Їхня імунна система звикла до цього і може з цим впоратися. Під час тестування перевіряють, чи безпечно вводити вакцини одночасно з іншими схваленими вакцинами. Чимало досліджень присвячено тому, коли дітям слід робити щеплення, щоб переконатися, що вони отримають їх, перш ніж піддадуться найбільшому ризику. Наприклад, ми даємо Tdap у період вагітності матері і немовляті, тому що коклюш може бути дуже небезпечним для маленьких дітей.

    Більшість вакцин не є заразними. Це тому, що використовуються лише частини або мертві бактерії чи віруси для виготовлення вакцини. Ось як ми робимо вакцину проти гепатиту B, грипу та поліомієліту. Вакцина проти COVID-19 також не може заразити вас. Вона використовує мРНК, яка вчить ваші клітини створювати частину вірусу, щоб вони могли навчитися захищатися від нього. мРНК швидко деградує у клітині, залишаючи лише захист, створений вашим тілом!

    Деякі вакцини дійсно використовують ослаблені версії вірусу і можуть викликати захворювання. Але це стається дуже рідко. Якщо це все-таки сталося, хвороба набагато менш важка, ніж інфікування в іншому випадку. MMR і вітряна віспа є двома прикладами цього типу вакцини.

    Вакцини рекомендовані та необхідні протягом усього життя для захисту від серйозних захворювань. Захист від деяких дитячих вакцин з часом слабшає, бустерні дози розширюють цей захист. Вам потрібен захист від більшої кількості хвороб, оскільки ризик зараження зростає, наприклад, від менінгококової інфекції. Вам частіше потрібні інші вакцини через вірусні мутації, наприклад, грипу.

    សំណួរដែលត្រូវបានចោទសួរជាញឹកញាប់

    Algunas enfermedades que se previenen con las vacunas, como la tos ferina y la varicela, todavía son comunes en los Estados Unidos. Otras enfermedades ya no lo son, gracias a las vacunas como la de la polio y la rubeola. Sin embargo, la pandemia del COVID-19 nos mostró que somos una sociedad global y lo rápido que puede propagarse una enfermedad. Si los niños no tienen todas sus vacunas, se pueden enfermar de gravedad y propagar la enfermedad en su comunidad.

    No. Muchos estudios y análisis continúan mostrando que no existe ninguna relación entre las vacunas y el autismo. Algunos de estos estudios han durado más de una década.

    Es imposible que se contagie de alguna enfermedad con la mayoría de las vacunas. Esto se debe a que para fabricar la vacuna solo se usan bacteria o virus muertos o solo parte de dichos organismos Así se fabrican las vacunas contra la hepatitis B, la influenza y la polio, para nombrar algunos pocos. La vacuna contra el COVID-19 tampoco puede transmitir la enfermedad. Utiliza un ARNm que enseña a sus células a producir una parte del virus, para poder aprender a defenderse de él. ¡El ARNm se degrada rápidamente en la célula dejando solo la protección que su cuerpo produjo!

    Algunas pocas vacunas utilizan versiones debilitadas del virus y podrían causar la enfermedad. Pero esto es poco frecuente. Si esto pasa, la enfermedad es mucho menos grave que adquirir la infección de otra manera. Las vacunas contra la varicela y MMR son dos ejemplos de este tipo de vacuna.

    Esto varía según la vacuna. Por ejemplo:

    • Para el COVID-19, el herpes zóster y la influenza, recomendamos que se apliquen la vacuna. La vacuna contra el COVID-19 proporciona mayor inmunidad y reduce el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedad grave después de la infección. La vacuna contra la influenza se ajusta cada año para incluir los cambios en el virus.
    • Para las vacunas como la de la varicela, un caso confirmado por un médico proporciona inmunidad. Hable con su médico si tiene preguntas acerca de otras vacunas y enfermedades.

    Las vacunas son recomendadas y necesarias a lo largo de nuestra vida para protegernos contra enfermedades graves. La protección de algunas vacunas infantiles desaparece con el tiempo, los refuerzos amplían esa protección. Necesita protección contra más enfermedades a medida que aumenta el riesgo de exposición, como al meningococo. Necesita otras vacunas con más frecuencia debido a mutaciones virales, como la influenza.

    Sí. Los niños adquieren más antígenos de las actividades diarias que de las vacunas. Su sistema inmunitario está acostumbrado a esto y puede manejarlo. Durante las pruebas, se aseguran de que las vacunas sean seguras para administrarlas al mismo tiempo con otras autorizadas. Muchas investigaciones se dirigen hacia cuándo se deben administrar las vacunas a los niños, para asegurarse de que las reciban antes de que estén en mayor riesgo. Por ejemplo, administramos las Tdap a las personas embarazadas y durante la infancia porque la tos ferina puede ser muy peligrosa para los bebés pequeños.

    ¡Sí! La vacunación es lo más importante que puede hacer para proteger la salud de sus hijos, no solo en el presente sino durante su larga vida. Gracias a la vacunación, ya no vemos muchos casos de ciertas enfermedades, como el sarampión. Todavía puede enfermarse, pero la vacuna ayuda a proteger de los casos graves, las hospitalizaciones, por casos de influenza, COVID-19 y paperas.

    Sí. Las vacunas son muy seguras. Actualmente, los Estados Unidos tiene el suministro de vacunas más seguras de la historia. Nuestro sistema de seguridad de vacunas de larga data garantiza que sean lo más seguras posible. Millones de niños reciben vacunas de manera segura cada año. Cada vacuna sigue el mismo proceso para obtener la aprobación. Incluso las vacunas contra el COVID-19 pasaron por todos los pasos para su aprobación. El apoyo financiero les permitió avanzar rápidamente en el proceso.

    La mayoría de los efectos secundarios están documentados y aparecen en un período de 8 semanas. Muchos estudios muestran que las vacunas no causan trastornos como el autismo, la esclerosis múltiple ni la diabetes tipo 1. La vacuna contra el COVID-19 puede ser más reciente, pero las vacunas de ARNm no lo son. Son parte de investigaciones en curso contra el cáncer, el zika, la influenza y la rabia. El ARNm en la vacuna contra el COVID-19 desaparece del cuerpo en un período de 24 horas.

    Se reportaron casos poco comunes de miocarditis (inflamación del músculo cardíaco) y pericarditis (inflamación del recubrimiento externo del corazón) después de que los niños y adolescentes recibieron la vacuna contra el COVID-19. Aunque es un problema grave, la mayoría de los casos de miocarditis causados por la vacuna se resolvieron rápidamente con poca intervención médica La miocarditis es más común después de contraer una infección por COVID-19.

    자주 묻는 질문들

    Yes! Vaccination is the most important thing you can do to protect your child’s health—not just today, but for many years to come. We no longer see many cases of certain diseases because of vaccination, like measles. You can still get sick but vaccine helps protect from serious cases and hospitalization, like flu, COVID-19, and mumps.

    Yes. Vaccines are very safe. Currently, the United States has the safest vaccine supply in its history. Our long-standing vaccine safety system ensures they are as safe as possible. Millions of children safely receive vaccines each year. Every vaccine follows the same process to get approval. Even COVID-19 vaccines went through all the steps for approval. Funding support allowed them to move through the process quickly.

    Yes. Children pick up more antigens from daily activities than they get from vaccines. Their immune systems are used to this and can handle it. During testing, they make sure vaccines are safe to give at the same time as other approved vaccines. A lot of research goes into when children should get vaccines to make sure they get them before they are at highest risk. For example, we give Tdap to pregnant people and during infancy because whooping cough can be very dangerous for small babies.

    It is impossible for most vaccines to give you the disease. This is because they use only parts or dead bacteria or virus to make vaccine. This is how we make hepatitis B, flu, and polio vaccine to name a few. COVID-19 vaccine also can’t give you the disease. It uses mRNA which teaches your cells to make a part of the virus so it can learn to defend against it. The mRNA quickly degrades in the cell leaving just the protection your body made!

    A few vaccines do use weakened versions of the virus and could cause the disease. But it is rare. If it does happen, the disease is much less severe than getting infected otherwise. MMR and varicella are 2 examples of this vaccine type.

    Some vaccine-preventable diseases, like pertussis (whooping cough) and chickenpox, remain common in the United States. Other diseases are no longer common here because of vaccines, like polio and rubella. But, the COVID-19 pandemic showed we are a global society and how quickly diseases can spread. If they don’t have all their vaccinations, children can become seriously sick with a disease and spread it through a community.

    No. Many studies and reviews continue to show no relationship between vaccines and autism. Some of these studies have lasted over a decade.

    This varies by vaccine. For example:

    • For COVID-19, shingles and flu, we recommend getting the vaccine. COVID-19 vaccine provides stronger immunity and reduces risk of severe illness after reinfection. Flu vaccine adjusts every year to account for virus changes.
    • For a vaccine like chickenpox, a confirmed case by a doctor provides immunity. Ask your doctor if you have questions about other vaccines and diseases.

    Most side effects are well documented and appear within 8 weeks. Many studies show vaccines do not cause disorders like autism, multiple sclerosis, or type 1 diabetes. COVID-19 vaccine may be newer, but mRNA vaccines are not. They are part of ongoing research for cancer, Zika, flu and rabies. The mRNA in the COVID-19 vaccine is gone from the body within 24 hours.

    Rare cases of myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) and pericarditis (inflammation of the outer lining of the heart) have been reported after children and teens got COVID-19 vaccine. Although a serious issue, most myocarditis cases caused by vaccine resolve quickly with little medical intervention. Myocarditis is more common after getting a COVID-19 infection.

    Vaccines are recommended and needed throughout our lives to protect against serious diseases. Protection from some childhood vaccines wears off over time, boosters extend that protection. You need protection from more diseases as the risk of exposure increases, like for meningococcal. You need other vaccines more frequently because of viral mutations, like flu.

    Preguntas frecuentes sobre la vacuna COVID-19

    La CDA y la FDA autorizaron y recomiendan la vacuna pediátrica de Pfizer para niños en edades de 5 a 11 años. La vacuna es una serie de 2 dosis, suministradas con 3 semanas de separación. Es una dosis menor, pero es la misma vacuna que reciben los adultos y los adolescentes.

    Las personas mayores de 5 años cuyo sistema inmunitario está moderada o gravemente comprometido deben recibir 3 dosis de una vacuna de ARNm contra el COVID-19 (de Pfizer o de Moderna) para su serie primaria. Las personas mayores de 12 años deben recibir una dosis de refuerzo 3 meses después de su tercera dosis. 

    Si su sistema inmunitario está moderada o gravemente comprometido y recibió la vacuna contra el COVID-19 de Johnson & Johnson como su dosis primaria: 

    • Usted debe recibir una dosis adicional de una vacuna de ARNm (de Pfizer o de Moderna) por lo menos 28 días después de la dosis primaria y 
    • Debería recibir una dosis de refuerzo 2 meses después de la segunda dosis.  

    Los CDC recomiendan una vacuna de ARNm para su dosis de refuerzo. 

    Si no está seguro, hable con su proveedor de atención primaria o con alguien en donde tenga acceso a atención médica para verificar si es elegible. 

    Comuníquese con su proveedor de atención médica, la farmacia local, el distrito escolar o busque su dosis en tpchd.org/vaxtothefuture.

    Las vacunas contra el COVID-19 son seguras y efectivas. Las vacunas deben pasar algunas de las pruebas de seguridad más rigurosas en la medicina. El proceso de aprobar y vigilar las vacunas se ha manejado por décadas. Es el mismo proceso que se usa para desarrollar vacunas para sarampión, las paperas, la tos ferina (tos convulsiva) y los virus de la gripe de temporada.  

    El proceso de producir una vacuna segura y eficaz para usted inicia con ensayos clínicos. Los ensayos para las vacunas contra el COVID-19están en proceso. El desarrollo y la distribución de las vacunas conlleva muchas medidas de precaución.  

    La vacuna contra el COVID-19 también es segura para los niños. Desde el inicio de la pandemia, más de 15 millones de niños han recibido la vacuna contra el COVID-19 en los Estados Unidos.  

    Si bien el COVID-19 suele ser más leve en los niños que en los adultos, los niños todavía pueden enfermarse gravemente y transmitirlo a amigos y familiares que tienen un sistema inmunitario comprometido o son vulnerables de otras maneras. Las personas embarazadas pueden correr un mayor riesgo de enfermarse gravemente por el COVID-19. Las personas embarazadas y sus familias deben tomar medidas para mantenerse saludables y reducir el riesgo de contraer la COVID-19 Obtenga más información aquí: Embarazo, parto y cuidado de su recién nacido.

    La seguridad de la vacuna fue notable en los ensayos clínicos realizados en niños. Los niños tuvieron mucho menos efectos secundarios que la población adolescente y adulta. La FDA, los CDC y el Grupo de los Estados Occidentales revisó los datos de la investigación antes de otorgar la autorización.

    Utilizamos los mismos sistemas de monitoreo para capturar los efectos secundarios que son tan poco frecuentes como uno en un millón de dosis. No han surgido nuevas preocupaciones en los ensayos de investigación en los grupos de edades más jóvenes.

    La miocarditis (inflamación del c